Journal of Animal Research: v.5 n.1, p. 135-142. April. 2015
DOI Number: 10.5958/2277-940X.2015.00023.6
Process Protocol and Cost of Production of Functional Fiber-Enriched Pork Loaves
Akhilesh K. Verma * , Manish Kumar Chatli, Nitin Mehta and Pavan Kumar
Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences
University, Ludhiana, Punjab, INDIA
*Corresponding author: AK Verma; Email:
Received: 18 February, 2015
Accepted: 02 March, 2015
The objectives of the present study was to standardize the protocol for production of functional pork loaves and to assess the
economics of production of the developed product.Four treatments were prepared with incorporation of inulin powder (IP)
as fibre source viz. Control (0% IP; C), 1% (T 1 ), 2% (T 2 ) and 3% (T 3 ) by replacing the amount of lean meat in the product
formulation . Different batches were steam cooked at 110 ºC for 40 minutes, cooled, sliced and evaluated for different quality
parameters. The cooking yield and emulsion stability improved with the increase in level of incorporation of inulin. The cost of
production also increased with increase in inulin level in product and calculated as highest in T 3 . The net profit for the control
and 1% IP enriched pork loaves was highest whereas lowest for 3% IP pork loaves. The break-even point was estimated on the
basis of value ` marketed product and calculated as ` 1195188.00 for control whereas ` 1331576.00 for T3 and cost-benefit
ratio 35% for control and T1 . Net Income ( ` /month) after repayment of loan was highest for control and T1 as ` 77533.00 and
lowest for T3 70033.00. The estimated details of economics of the developed product concluded that there is marginal increase
about 1% in the price of functional pork loaves and this venture can a successful enterprise.
Keywords : Pork, loaves, inulin, cost of production, break-even point, cost-benefit ratio
India is bestowed with vast livestock population which
omega-3 enriched fatty acid and with health enhancing
plays an important role in the economics of the country.
bioactive compounds is rapidly increasing worldwide.
Pig population records around 966.17 million in world and
The incorporation of fiber in meat products is known to
10.29 million in India (FAO 2012). Pig farming is growing
reduce the risk of diseases like colon cancer, diabetes,
rapidly in India due to a high fecundity, prolificacy, short
obesity, cardiovascular diseases, maintain low levels
gestation period, fast growth rate, high feed conversion
of serum triglycerides, cholesterol and enhance the
ratio and higher dressing percentage compared to all other
absorption and bioavailability of minerals (Lopez et al.,
livestock (Khandagale et al., 2013). In India the total meat
1998). Inulin is not absorbed by the gastro-intestinal tract,
production estimated to be 6.30 million tonnes, out of
but it is fermented by the colonic microorganism so it acts
which pork share 0.33 million tonnes, accounts for 5.24
as prebiotics. In addition, it improves the cooking yield
% of the total meat production. Meat is considered as
of meat products it has inherent properties to retain the
nutritious food due to its high biological value proteins,
water and fat during the cooking. In turn reduces the cost
essential fatty acids, vitamin-B complex and mineral
of production.
content (Mehta et al ., 2011; Singh et al., 2014; Verma
et al. , 2015;) however, it is deficient in the dietary fiber.
According to the Euro Monitor International, a research
Nowadays the demand for healthier meat products like
company, the amount of money on average an Indian
fiber-enriched, low-fat, reduced cholesterol, low-salt,
spends on meals outside the home has doubled (Verma et