Journal of Animal Research: v.5 n.2, p. 347-351. June 2015
DOI Number: 10.5958/2277-940X.2015.00060.1
Effect of Poly herbal Phytobiotic on the Growth, Immunocompetence, Development
of Digestive Organs and Carcass Characteristics of Commercial Broilers
Amitav Bhattacharyya*, Pankaj Kumar Shukla and Mayank Shukla
Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa
Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.
* Corresponding author: A Bhattacharyya; Email:
Received: 06 September, 2014
Accepted: 12 June, 2015
Seventy two, one week old, Cobb 400 broiler chickens were distributed into two experimental groups having four replicates.
The birds of the control group were fed a basal diet (22.5% CP & 2830 K cal/kg ME) while the other group was offered a
basal diet supplemented with a polyherbal phytobiotic, AV/SSL/12 in drinking water@ 4 ml/100 birds/ day during 1-2 weeks,
8 ml/ 100 birds/ day during 2-4 weeks and 15 ml/100 birds/ day during 4-6 weeks of age. AV/SSL/12 birds had a significantly
higher (P<0.05) body weight compared to the control at 2nd week of age. The body weight gain of the birds in the liver tonic
fed group was significantly higher (P<0.001) compared to the control group at 2 nd week of age. Feed conversion ratio (FCR)
was significantly better (P<0.05) in the phytobiotic group compared to the control group during 3-6 weeks and 1-6 weeks of
age. Total immunoglobulins and mercaptoethanol sensitive (IgM) antibody titer (log 2) values in response to sheep red blood
cells was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the phytobiotic compared to the control group. The herbal supplemented group had
significantly higher (P<0.05) large intestine length compared to the control group at 6 weeks of age. However, there was
no significant difference between the treatment groups in the carcass characteristics and yield of cut up parts of the broilers
after 6 weeks of age. Hence, it may not be unreasonable to infer that poly herbal liver tonic, AV/SSL/12 possesses promising
immunomodulatory potential and supplementation of poly herbal liver tonic may elicit growth of commercial broilers.
Keywords: Growth, Immunity, Phytobiotic, Broilers
Liver is an important organ involved in various metabolic
(False Daisy, Bhringaraj) and Ichnocarpus frutescens
pathways regulating growth and productivity in poultry.
(Black creeper, Utpalagopa), Terminalia chebula (Black
As liver has a wide range of functions, it is vulnerable to
myrobalan, Haritaki). These herbs have hepato-stimulant,
various diseases. Phytobiotics are plant derivatives such
hepato-protective, immunomodulatory and antioxidant
as herbs, plant extracts or spices and have a wide range
activities (Sadekar et al ., 1998; Manu and Kuttan, 2009;
of activities viz. stimulation of feed intake, growth and
Michels et al., 2011; Dash et al ., 2007). Further, they
endogenous secretions in the gut. Phytobiotics possess
optimize digestion and metabolism resulting in better
hepatoprotective and hepatogenic properties, which tone
protein utilization, improved mucosal function and
up liver resulting in increased nutrient utilization and better
reduced cost of metabolic deamination. Hence, a study
performance. AV/SSL/12, poly herbal liver tonic (Ayurvet
was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a phytobiotic,
Ltd, Baddi, India) contains herbs viz. Achyranthes aspera
AV/SSL/12 on the body weight, body weight gain, feed
(Prickly Chaff Flower, Devil’s Horsewhip, Apamarga),
conversion ratio, immune competence traits, development
Andrographis paniculata (Green chirayta, King of bitters,
of digestive organs and carcass characteristics of
Kalamegha), Azadirachta indica (Neem), Boerhaavia
commercial broilers.
diffusa (Spreading Hogweed, Punarnava), Eclipta alba