Theriogenology Insight: 5(1): 41-45, April, 2015
DOI Number: 10.5958/2277-3371.2015.00004.2
4
A retrospective study on incidence of
dystocia in cattle and buffaloes at
referral center
Kamlesh Jeengar 1 *, G N Purohit 2 , J S Mehta 2 ,
Vikas Choudhary 3 and Laxmi Kant Nirwan 4
1 Veterinary Officer, T.M.V.U., Suwana, District Bhilwara, Rajasthan, India.
2 Prof. Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary and
Animal Science, Bikaner-334001, Rajasthan, India.
3 Agriculture Finance Officer, Central Bank of India, Allot, Indore, India.
4 Veterinary Officer, Govt. Veterinary Hospital, Satyun District, Churu, Rajasthan, India.
*Corresponding author: kamlesh.jinx@gmail.com
Abstract
A retrospective study on the incidence of bovine dystocia between October, 2012
to September, 2013 was screened. A high incidence of maternal cause of dystocia
was found in both cows (78.89%) and buffaloes (80.33%). Maldisposition of fetus
was the commonest cause of fetal dystocia in both cows (16.67%) and buffaloes
(18.03%). Imperfect dilatation of cervix (50%) was the major cause of maternal
dystocia in cattle while uterine torsion (55.74%) in buffaloes. Other causes of
dystocia with low incidence include narrow pelvis, fetal emphysema and fetal
monster.
Keywords: Incidence, types of dystocia, cattle
Dystocia is defined as delayed or difficult calving, sometimes requiring significant
human assistance (Lombard et al., 2007; Zaborski et al., 2009; Uzamy et al.,
2010). In cattle and buffalo the incidence of dystocia is maximum compared to
other farm animals (Purohit et al., 2011). Buffaloes are known to have greater
incidence of maternal dystocia (Saxena et al., 1989; Nanda et al., 2003). However,
a higher incidence of fetal dystocia has been also recorded for both cows (Singla