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TI - Volume 13 - Issue 1

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Abstract :


Title: Effect of different Buffalo Sperm Motility Patterns on Plasma Membrane Integrity and Morphology
Abstract :
There are different types of motility patterns in human but in case of buffalo but there is no literature about if there is any effect of different types of buffalo sperm motility patterns on freezability and fertilizing capability of semen. Therefore, the study has been designed to know the effect of ejaculates from different types of motility patterns in buffalo semen on freezability and fertilizing capability by sperm morphology and sperm plasma membrane integrity. We collect the semen and divide them into 3 categories (Normal, Slow and Fast non-directional motile sperm) on the basis of sperm motility patterns, then cryopreserved it and assessed sperm morphology and plasma membrane integrity and found slow motile sperm have lowest abnormalities than fast non-directional and normal motile sperm.
Title: The Behaviour Pattern of Sirohi Goat Kids in Different Feeding Management Systems
Abstract :
The present study was carried out at Livestock Research Station, Bojunda, Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan on twenty-one Sirohi goat kids of about 6 months of age with uniform body weight. The overall average time of different behavioural patterns as grazing, browsing, drinking urinating and sleeping behaviour of Sirohi goat kids in the extensive group (T1) was found to be 53.68, 226.38, 6.92, 3.01 and 378.24 (min/ day), respectively. The overall average time of different behavioural patterns as grazing, browsing, drinking urinating and sleeping behaviour of Sirohi goat kids in the semi-intensive group (T2) group was recorded to be 48.31, 217.42, 6.89, 3.01 and 375.96 (min/day), respectively. The overall daily average time of different behavioural patterns like drinking, urination and sleeping behaviour of Sirohi goat kids in the intensive (T3) group was found to be 5.94, 3.04 and 496.19 (min/day), respectively. Behavioural time (min/day) for grazing and browsing in extensive (T1) group was significantly (P<0.01) higher than semi-intensive (T2) group. Behavioural time (min/day) for drinking in extensive (T1) group and semiintensive (T2) group was significantly (P<0.01) higher than intensive (T3) group. The urination behaviour found non-significant difference among groups of three feeding management systems of Sirohi goat kids. Behavioural time (min/day) for sleeping in intensive (T3) group was significantly (P<0.01) higher than
extensive (T1) group and semi-intensive (T2) group.
Title: Effect of Stocking Density on Behavioral Trait and Mortality of Broiler Chicken Under Intensive Poultry Production System
Abstract :
Present investigation was conducted on broilers aged 6 weeks at poultry unit of Livestock farm complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Navania, Udaipur (Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences) India. There was highly significant (P≤0.01) impact of stocking density on drinking frequency from 2nd to 6th week among all treatment groups. The mean percentage for weekly drinking frequency was highest in D3 (21.25) followed by control group D2 (20.12) and D3 (19.77) respectively. Similarly locomotion (movement of birds) showed (P≤ 0.05) significant effect on stocking density from 2nd to 6th week among all the three densities. The mean percentage for weekly locomotion was highest in D1 (58.30) followed by control group D2 (55.05) and D3 (52.05) respectively. However, non-significant effect of cannibalism was observed in all the three stocking densities during the whole experimental period. In the current study stocking density had no effect on leg deformity in broiler chickens. There was no mortality in all the treatment groups over the whole research period.
Title: Study on Genetic Parameters for Kleiber Ratio in Sonadi Sheep
Abstract :
Data of 1408 Sonadi lambs born during 2012-2019 under Mega Sheep Seed Project at CVAS Navania Udaipur (Rajasthan) were analyzed to assess the influence of period, season, sex and type of birth on Kleiber ratio. The overall least-squares means along with standard error of Kleiber ratio - KR1 (0-3M), KR2 (3-6M), KR3 (6-9M) and KR4 (9-12M) were 13.16±0.30, 6.59±0.33, 4.04±0.31 and 5.24±0.35, respectively. Effect of sire was highly significant (P≤0.01) on KR1, KR2 and KR3 whereas significant (P≤0.05) on KR4. Period of birth had highly significant (P≤0.01) effect on all the KRs. Season of birth had highly significant (P≤0.01) effect on KR4 only whereas sex of lamb had highly significant (P≤0.01) effect on KR2 only. Type of birth had significant (P≤0.05) effect on KR4 only. Estimates of heritability for KR1, KR2, KR3 and KR4 were 0.82±0.18, 0.38±0.11, 0.51±0.15 and 0.23±0.13, respectively. Genetic correlation was negative between KR1 and other KRs whereas it was positive among other KRs. The estimate of phenotypic correlation
among Kleiber ratios was negative and low to high.
Title: Comparative Study of Different Estrus Synchronization Protocols in Pubertal Anoestrus Gir Heifers (Bos indicus)
Abstract :
The study was carried out to investigate the various estrus synchronization protocols for induction of estrus in pubertal anestrous Gir heifers. A total of 32 pubertal heifers that failed to exhibit estrus were selected and randomly divided into four groups of 08 heifers each. Three estrus induction/synchronization protocols viz. CIDR +PG (G1), Ovsynch (G2) and Cosynch (G3) along with one control group (G4) were evaluated for efficacy of estrus induction and synchronization. Estrus induction responses of 87.50%, 75.00%, and 75.00 % were observed in G1, G2, and G3, respectively; whereas, subsequent fertility response in terms of conception rates were obtained as 50.00 %, 37.50 % and 25.00 % in G1, G2, and G3, respectively. However, in control group (G4) no heifer showed sign of estrus during the experiment period. It can be concluded that induction of estrus and improvement in conception is possible with the use of different
hormone protocols, viz. CIDR+PG, Ovsynch and Cosynch in pubertal anestrous Gir heifer. For treating pubertal anoestrus as well as for subsequent fertility, CIDR+PG was found to be most effective out of the three hormonal protocols followed by ovsynch and cosynch.
Title: Evaluation of Veterinary Cuttable Plates and Reconstruction Plates for Repair of Long Bone Fracture in Young Dogs
Abstract :
Background: To record the occurrence of long bone fractures in young dogs and to evaluate the efficacy of Veterinary Cuttable Plate versus Reconstruction plate in long bone fractures of young dogs on the basis of clinical, haemato-biochemical and radiographic examination. Methods: The present study was conducted on 12 young dogs (3-10 months) irrespective of sex and breed having body weight <15 kg and were randomly divided into two groups containing 6 animals each. The animals were treated by open reduction and internal fixation using Veterinary Cuttable Plate (group I) and Reconstruction Plate (group II). Occurrence of long bone fractures, Clinical, haemato-biochemical and radiographic examinations were examined at different time intervals. Results: Transverse femur fracture due to automobile accident in non-descript male dogs below 6 months of age was most commonly observed. Veterinary cuttable plates provided complete weight bearing on affected limb by day 45 while Reconstruction plates provided the same by day 60 post-operatively. Radiographic interpretation revealed absence of radiolucent line in animals with VCP plate while discrete radiolucent line was observed in animals with recon plate by day 60.
Title: Measure the Serum Biochemical Profiles (Glucose, Protein, Cholesterol) of Female Black Bengal Goats during Growing and Pregnancy Period
Abstract :
The serum biochemical profiles of the animals under three groups were estimated by serum glucose, total protein in blood and serum cholesterol levels. The glucose level varied from 65.66 to 77.11, 50.03 to 63.78 and 55.22 to 68.66 mg/dl for the first, second and third group, respectively, with higher value at the time of service. The total protein level did not vary much among the animals under three treatment groups (64.45 to 78.55 g/l). The serum cholesterol level varied between 50.17 to 110.05 mg/dl among all the animals irrespective of groups. During prepubertal period this value was low, but it was higher during pubertal period, time of several other services and towards pregnancy for all groups of animals.
Title: Surgical Management of Foetal Dystocia in a Jenny- Case Report
Abstract :
A full-term pregnant jenny was presented with a complaint of straining since yesterday and difficulty in foaling. There was a history of labour since the last night & rupture of the foetal bag, 6 hours ago. Fetal origin dystocia, with an anterior longitudinal presentation, dorso-sacral position with lateral deviation of the head, and one forelimb hanging out from the vagina and was identified. Due to insufficient room in the birth canal, manual recovery of the foal was unsuccessful; therefore, a caesarean section was performed.