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IJASE - Volume 9 - Issue 1

[<<< GO BACK ][ VOLUME 9 - ISSUE 1 ]

Title: Contents
Abstract :
Title: Emerging IT and Computing Gradients in Information Sciences
Abstract :

Technology is changing and playing an important role in developing different sectors and fields and as a result, it is helping in building of Digital Society. In the fields of Computing, Computer Science is considered as oldest with the activities of Computing and Information Processing. After the development of the Computer Science another important subject has been developed, i.e., Information Technology; which is applied in nature and started for information processing and other activities using various information techniques and technologies. Information Technology takes the help of different sub-components in information collection, selection, processing, management, and delivery. Among the sub components few important are Software Technology, Networking Technology, Database Technology, Multimedia Technology, Web Technology, and so on. Further, the field of Information Technology is also changing and incorporating with other domains and fields. Information Science is older than Information Technology but mainly deals with the manual information systems and management; and after the arrival of Information Technology, it has changed its methods, scope for its activities. Emerging technologies have changed the entire arena of Information Technology. This paper discusses the emerging fields of Information Technology with reference to its components and emerging sub technologies.

Title: Tertiary Level Students’ Attitudes Toward Job Destination: An Empirical Study on Bangladeshi Students
Abstract :

Tertiary level education is the key to modern development of any nation and the outcome-based curricula is the pivotal to the standard of the tertiary level education system. The tertiary level educational institutes play the crucial role to change the society and development at any time and horizon. In Bangladesh, several quality development and assurance institution are running to promote the standard of tertiary level education. We know that the graduates will face very competitive job market after their graduation, therefore, ensuring the superior quality and standard of the graduates need to be very significant for better employability. This study is an opinion survey among tertiary level students of different universities that assesses their learning and goal-setting attitude for job achievement. The opinion of 750 tertiary level students is collected from different universities of Bangladesh purposively through a well-structured questionnaire. We observe almost similar job target attitude of students from different backgrounds. The socio-economic and education related factors play very significant role for their target-setting attitude.

Title: A Comprehensive Model for Decision-making Problem Incorporating Uncertainty
Abstract :

Decision-making is an assessment activity where several alternatives will be assessed to identify the best alternative or the optimal set of alternatives. The assessment that is carried out by humans is always not precise. Imprecision may exist in the form of incompleteness, ignorance, vagueness and uncertainty. The literature records many techniques for decision-making, which are based on different scales of assessment. Further, there are algorithms which aggregate assessments data for meaningful results and analyses. The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive model which integrates collection of assessments incorporating uncertainty and aggregation of the obtained data to generate ranks of preference of the alternatives. Interested researchers can envisage the model in different empirical and contextual settings to extract the potential.

Title: A Study on the Development and Application of Number Theory in Engineering Field
Abstract :

Number theory is probably one of the most important areas of Mathematics used in Computer Science and the basics behind all of modern Cryptography. Number theory is devoted originally to the study of integers. With the contributions made by Mathematicians in different ages to advancing the study of integers, the basics system of number theory has been gradually improved and thereby a complete and unified discipline has been formed. The paper mainly studies the development and application of number theory, aiming to review the history of discipline and explore its influence on production and our life and its applications in Engineering Field. The Number Theory, as such, was less applied in engineering compared to calculus geometry etc. The problem was that it could not be used directly in any application. But the number theory, combined with the computational power of modern computers, gives interesting solutions to real life problem. At present, number theory is widely and fully applied in many fields, such as Computing, Cryptography, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Acoustics, Electronics, Communication, Graphics and even Musicology.

Title: Effects to Construction Project Management Impacted Circular Economic of Covid-19 Pandemic
Abstract :

COVID-19, social distance, self-isolation, quarantine, layoff, migraine prophylaxis, and many others have started to emerge as the globe's new vocabulary, not exempted from the construction sector. It is exactly a period since the modern world encountered the very last epidemic. Nevertheless, the most famous epidemic of disease known as Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported to have struck all peoples of the world within 4 months and proclaimed an epidemic in March 2020. This outbreak has impacted industries from all around the world, such as built-up asset procurement and facility management. Its influence has led to the use of creative and complex innovations in an outstanding way that can alter the direction of construction long just after coronavirus has been extinguished. This thesis examines the impact of COVID-19 using a quantitative approach on built asset acquisition and future prospects for the construction sector. For the information gathering, a survey was conducted out over the built asset acquisition practitioners. Architects, building, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineers, project managers and quantity surveyors received 71 questionnaires. For the study of the results, the program SPSS 25 (a social science statistical package) was used. From the result of the analyzing it’s become clear of the project status that over 90 percent reported that their projects were impacted due the Pandemic. Nearly 51 percent of the participants suggested that their initiatives were partly halted due to the COVID-19, while up to 40 percent of the participants witnessed full stoppage. One of the participants disclosed that the proposals had been absolutely halted at the initial level and then turned into partial.

Title: Labour Force Participation Rate in Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Activities in Sikkim with Special Emphasis on Women’s Work Participation: Variation Across Districts
Abstract :

The present study analyses the labour force participation rate in agricultural and non-agricultural activities in Sikkim with special emphasis on women’s work participation and its variations across the districts. The study was based on secondary data that was collected for the agricultural workers, non-agricultural workers and total workers from the Census of India, 2011. The total agricultural workers comprised of the cultivators and the agricultural labourers; the total non-agricultural workers included workers in the household industry and other workers. Total workers consisted of the main workers and the marginal workers. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages and tabular representation. Both in the agricultural and the non-agricultural activities, men dominated women whose participation was found to be between, 50 to 72 per cent. However, while comparing the involvement of the men and the women as main and marginal workers, it was observed that 70 per cent of the men were involved as main workers and 56 per cent of the women were actively involved as marginal workers. Inter-district variations in all the categories of the work mentioned above were found in the state. Ultimately, it was realized that 50 per cent of the population of the state were working population and 50 per cent were dependent or non-working population. Such a result is a great concern to all the stakeholders of the state especially the policy makers. More employment opportunity is to be augmented in the state to involve more people in work to enhance the state’s economy.

Title: Globalization and Internationalization: ISO 21001 as a Trigger and Prime Key for Quality Assurance of Higher Education Institutions
Abstract :

Talking about quality in higher education is not a new matter, as it was previously discussed by many researchers about the importance of implementing a specific quality system in higher education institutions to ensure preserving the quality of the educational process provided. Accordingly, many quality bodies have appeared in all countries of the world, which operate according to specific (almost similar) protocols to ensure the safety of educational outcomes and that the information reaches the student. Those protocols aim to guarantee that the graduate benefits from the courses they had studied and applied that information in the labor market while ensuring that this information is relevant and compatible with the labor market requirements. In a later period, and with the advent of time, new and specific terms emerged that clarify the differences related to the academic accreditation of educational institutions, including programmatic, institutional, regional, and local accreditation (and we will talk about the difference between them later in the research) and with the passage of years, a new concept emerged that the International Organization for Standards ISO introduced, namely: Management Quality Management System for Educational Institutions ISO 21001. This standard appeared in late 2017 and early 2018 and is similar in its work and goal to institutional accreditation provided by bodies for educational quality assurance and control in the European Union, USA, Canada, and all other countries worldwide.