Title: Amorphus Globosus Monster Removed by Laparohysterotomy in a She Buffalo – A Case Report Abstract :
Dystocia in buffalo due to amorphous globosus monster, relieved by laparohysterotomy is reported. Fetus was explored to have actual status of morphology and visceral organs Exploration of the fetus didn’t reveal any kind of identifiable viscera.
Title: Different Approaches to Diagnose Uterine Pathology in Mares: A Review Abstract :
Uterine infections and associated endometritis is the most common cause of reduced fertility and infertility in broodmares. Uterine infections are inevitable during natural service, artificial insemination, foaling and reproductive tract examination. Mares affected by such conditions are usually the best performing mares with a proven record of fertility. These pathological conditions are therefore responsible for major economic losses in equine industry, as huge effort, money and manpower are required to manage and treat such conditions year after year. Several methods have been evolved to confirm the uterine pathology in mare. Not a single diagnostic method per se is sufficient to diagnose uterine pathology accurately. Rectal palpation and ultrasound examinations identify fluid in the uterus, suggestive of endometritis. Microscopic analysis of an endometrial swab or endometrial biopsy has great importance to detect the etiological agent of the uterine pathology. This review therefore, is an attempt to discuss different approaches to diagnose the uterine pathology along with their merits and demerits. The ultimate aim being prompt identification and treatment of affected mares so that the problem of infertility in mare can be reduced.
Title: Successful Clinical Management of Dystocia Due to Pre-cervical Uterine Torsion in a Crossbred Holstein Friesian Cow: A Case Report Abstract :
A crossbred Holstein Friesian cow in sixth parity was presented with the history of completed gestation period and violent straining for three hours without any progress in calving. Gynaecological examination per-vaginum and per-rectum revealed 180O pre-cervical left sided uterine torsion. Caudal epidural anesthesia was applied by injecting 5 ml of 2% lignocaine, and the animal was calmed down with 0.2 ml xylazine (IV) and cast on the side of torsion. Rolling was applied as described by modified Schaffer‘s detorsion method. After second roll the torsion was completely corrected. A live healthy male calf was delivered by traction. The animal recovered uneventfully.
Title: Transrectal Ultrasonographic Monitoring of Early Pregnancy in Graded Murrah Buffalo Cows (Bubalus bubalis) Abstract :
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of transrectal ultrasonography as a method of pregnancy diagnosis at an early stage in graded murrah buffaloes. 30 inseminated buffaloes were utilized and pregnancy diagnosis was commenced on day 20, 25 and 30 post breeding. Positive diagnosis of pregnancy was based on the presence of an anechoic round area of varying size in the lumen of an echogenic uterine lumen representing the fluid filled allantoic cavity termed as the embryonic vesicle. The presence of an embryo within the embryonic vesicle was confirmed by observing an echogenic area with rhythmic pulsation representing heartbeats. The average lengths of embryonic vesicle on day 20, 25 and 30 were 0.415 ± 0.05, 1.116 ± 0.107 and 1.85 ± 0.068 cm, respectively and the average lengths of
embryo on day 25 and 30 were 0.45 ± 0.064 and 1.05 ± 0.086 cm, respectively. Sensitivity was lower on day 20 and 25 being 50 and 75%, respectively when compared to day 30 which was 100%. The overall accuracy increased as the pregnancy advances and was observed to be 100% from day 30 onwards. It was confirmed that early pregnancy diagnosis using ultrasonography can be done effectively from day 25 post insemination.
Title: Prevalence of Uterine Torsion and Its Management in Buffaloes Abstract :
This case study discussed the successful method of management of buffalo uterine torsion. A number of 25 buffaloes with showing colic were taken suspected for uterine torsion at the Clinics of veterinary gynaecology and obstetrics, CVAS, Bikaner. Uterine torsion was diagnosed by per rectal and per vaginal examinations. Priorly, we used plank method for manage torsion in buffaloes. Eighty percent buffaloes were successfully corrected by this method. 1-2 rolls
were sufficient to detort in 60% buffaloes. After detorsion most cases were accompanied with closed or insufficient dilated (48%) than dilated or open cervix (32%) which were altered after drug therapy into opened (64%) and indilated cervix (16%). Caesarean section
was needed in 36% cases including failed cases of detorsion by rolling (20%) and indilated cervix (16%) after successful rolling. After long-term follow-up, the study reported 88% and 4% survival rate for buffaloes and fetus, respectively in uterine torsion cases. On the basis of this study it was concluded that rolling with plank method is a satisfactory technique to detort the uterus.
Title: Biochemical Status During Oestrus Cycle in Regular and Repeat Breeding Cows Abstract :
The present study was undertaken at cattle breeding farm of Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur. Serum biochemical profile of repeat breeding cross bred (jersey x Sahiwal) cows was evaluated and compared with that of regular breeding cows. The average total serum total protein, serum calcium and serum inorganic phosphorus values in repeat breeding cows were significantly (P>0.01) lower than the values in regular breeding cows. The average serum
cholesterol in repeat breeding cows was significantly (P>0.05) lower than the value of regular breeding cows. The difference in the values of serum total protein, serum cholesterol and serum inorganic phosphorus on 0, 7th, and 15th days of oestrus cycle in regular and repeat breeding cows was found to be non-significant. However, significantly (P>0.05) higher values of serum calcium were recorded in regular and repeat breeding cows on 0 day, which significantly decreased on 7th and slightly increased on 15th day of oestrus cycle.
Title: Incidence of Fetal Monstrosities in India:A Review Abstract :
Dystocia may be defined as process of delayed or prolonged calving resulting from severe assisted extraction or any fetal abnormalities. Injudicious handling of dystocia cases usually leads to large economic loss in terms of decreased productivity, increased morbidity and mortality. It has a considerable impact on production and future reproduction of dairy and beef animals. There are many fetal abnormalities like monsters, fetal ascitis and fetal maldispositions which are alone responsible for 5-10% of dystocia cases in bovines. Fetal monstrosities has long been recognized as a cause of dystocia in animals and humans. This is incompatible with life. This review focuses on the cases of different types of fetal monsters, its incidence and treatment done in bovines. It becomes difficult to deliver such fetuses because of their altered shape. These monsters are rare in cattle, but a large number of monstrosities have been reported in river buffalo; overall incidence is low.