Title: Surgical Management of Vaginal Leiomyoma in Bitch Abstract :
Vaginal tumors are more common in bitch as compared to tumor of upper reproductive organs. Vaginal leiomyomas are benign solid tumors of the vagina. Two bitches were presented to Teaching Veterinary Clinics, College of Veterinary Sciences & A.H., Selesih with a gross lesion of large mass around vagina in one dog and other one having swelling on external genitalia. Clinical examination revealed round, solid mass of 5-7 cm diameter. A complete surgical excision was performed by vaginal route. Animal recovered uneventfully with no relapse of tumorous growth on the incision site till report. On the basis of gross and histopathologic findings, a diagnosis of leiomyoma was made.
Title: Current Treatment Aspects of Bovine Reproductive Disorders Abstract :
Economy of the dairy farming mainly depends on first service conception rate and 12-months calving interval to get a calf each year which is advantageous for high milk yield per cow with the good economic return. Reproductive disorders are the major threats antagonizing fertility as well as productivity of dairy cattle. Antimicrobial therapy, phytotherapy (herbal remedy), homeopathy and immunotherapy are currently used for the alleviation of these disorders. But due to more negative impacts of antibiotics; phytotherapy, homeopathy and immunotherapy have been given more attention as a treatment approach in recent years because they are cost effective, have minimal side effects and milk residues which are important from public health point of view.
Title: Mummification of Triplets in a Doe Abstract :
Fetal mummification is a rare gestational accident in domestic animals which is associated with fetal death, non-involution of corpus luteum, absorption of fetal and placental fluid and other associated changes in uterine environment. The present case report describes per vaginal extraction of three mummified fetuses of different stage of gestation in a four year non descriptive doe.
Title: Theriogenology of Pre and Post-parturient Downer Syndrome and Persistent or Recurrent Hypocalcaemia, in Cows and Buffaloes of Small Farmers, in Rural Areas of Rayalaseema Region Abstract :
Theriogenology of pre and post parturient downer syndrome and persistent or recurrent hypocalcaemia, in 20 cows and 2 buffaloes of Small farmers, during July to October 2018, in rural areas of Rayalaseema Region, were intervened. After witnessing the poor response of conventional treatment which included an infusion of either Calboral or Mifex and Tonophosphan, parenteral phosphorus, all the 22 dairy farmers adopted the new intervention of infusion of calcium enriched Taurine (Taurocal). The recovery was dramatic with a cure rate at 86%. The possible therapeutic effect with regard to calcium homeostasis, stress factors, serotonin modulation and energy metabolism Were discussed.
Title: Per Vaginal Delivery of Partially Macerated Fetus in Graded Buffalo: A Case Report Abstract :
A graded riverine buffalo in second parity was presented to the referral veterinary polyclinic of the ICAR-IVRI with the history of fever, inappetance and around 7 months of gestation. The animal was having foul smelling; muco-purulent vaginal discharge and gynaecological examination confirmed it as a case of fetal maceration. The cervical dilatation therapy was given to the animal and a partially macerated fetus was removed by traction after 20 h. The manuscript presents a rare case of fetal maceration in buffalo and per vaginal delivery of the fetus following successful cervical dilatation therapy.
Title: Fetal Membranes and Associated Complications in Dairy Animals: A Review Abstract :
Fetal membrane is temporary organ that feeds the fetus intrauterine. It also permits transfer of oxygen and nutrients from mother to fetus and release of carbon dioxide and waste products from fetus. Placenta is partly maternal and partly embryonic in origin. Actual mixing of maternal and fetal blood is not possible due to placental membrane. After conception uterine contraction and tonicity decreases to retain blastocyst in situ position in uterus. Protein factors like blastokinin, trophoblastin has role in maternal recognition of pregnancy (MRP). Placenta of dairy animals is polycotyledonary and non-deciduate type. Prevention of RFM includes reducing stress, improving comfort and balance ration during transition period. Proper exercise, Vitamins (Vitamin A, E and Selenium), minerals along with infection control are common factors which control post-parturient problems including retention of placenta. Use of ecbolic, collagenase, antibiotics, herbal preparation and hormones are common practice used by farmers and farms with very positive effect i.e., reducing infertility.
Title: Effect of Boron Supplemetation on the Overall Health and Productivity of Livestock Abstract :
Boron having the characteristics between metal and non-metal behaves like a metalloid and is considered as an essential element for plants, while in animals and human the knowledge of its biological effects is not fully explored yet and so it is the mineral of future prospect and interest. Boron is considered as a trace element in periodic table, known to influence various physiological functions specifically the metabolism of vitamins, minerals and hormones along with immunity and antioxidant defense mechanism. It acts as a lewis acid and in its cationic form has high affinity for the hydroxyl group to form borate and boric acid. The chemical properties of boron allow it to form complex with organic molecules containing hydroxyl group and therefore, interact with various metabolites to influence cellular activity. Boron interacts with calcium and phosphorus and its supplementation have direct effect on the bioavailability of Ca and P in the growth and bone development of chickens and other livestock. B plays a role in regulating the enzymatic activity of pathways involved in energy substrate metabolism and insulin release. Antioxidant activities of supplemental B were also elucidated. Boron plays a regulatory role in the metabolism of several micronutrients, such as calcium, phosphorus, aluminum, magnesium and molybdenum along with its effect on serum T3 and T4 concentration in livestock. B supplementation in chicken has shown better feed conversion ratio, bone development and body growth, respectively.