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TI - Volume 11 - Issue 1

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Title: Contents Vol. 11, No. 1, April 2021
Abstract :
Title: Subfertility in Buffaloes and the Association of Detected Milk Microbes
Abstract :
Lactogenesis is a complex physiology and an outcome of a successful reproductive cycle in mammalians. The purpose itself is to nourish the newborn with the nutrients necessary for its protection and growth a continuation from the in utero survival strategy. Thus, mammary development and physiology are intriguingly linked to the uterine changes that happen in a normal reproductive individual. Milk is a highly nutritious food that also favours the growth of microorganisms that can enter through the bloodstream or the discharge system. Briefly, the mastitis-induced release of inflammation mediators such as cytokines, interleukins, and prostaglandin F2α are established to be associated with infertility. Before breeding, mastitis can disrupt hormonal patterns (depression of estradiol production, delayed surge of luteinizing hormone) and delay ovulation. The issue of clinical mastitis is obvious but when subclinical mastitis persists for long the problem gets compounded. Thus, microbes get easily established in the mammary glands of buffaloes whose udder and teat anatomy, love for dirt, and swamp to wallow makes them more vulnerable exposing them to various kinds of pathogenic and opportunistic microbes. Buffaloes, by nature, have issues with silent heat, seasonal anestrus, more sensitive to direct radiation heat stress when faced with a pathological attack of infectious microbes in the milk chamber compromises their fertility.
Title: Successful C-section of a Non-descriptive Goat to Relieve from Dystocia
Abstract :
Present case study was associated with successful management of a pregnant doe from dystocia by caesarean section. A 1.5 years old pregnant non-descriptive doe was admitted in the TVCC, C.V.A.Sc., Pantnagar, Uttarakhand with a history of complete gestation period and prolonged labor (more than 12 hours). There was protrusion of both fetal forelimbs from the vaginal opening. Gynaecological examination revealed that the fetus was in Nape presentation. The case was diagnosed as dystocia due to abnormal fetal disposition. The animal was subjected to caesarean operation. The operation was performed under light sedation with 0.1 ml of xylazine and regional inverted L- block was also done with 2% Lignocaine. An oblique incision was given at left flank and recovery of one dead male fetus occurred. Post-operative treatment was done with Inj. Amoxicillin-sulbactum @10 mg/kg intramuscularly, Inj. Tribivet® 5 ml intramuscularly, Inj. Chlorpheniramine maleate @0.5 mg/kg intramuscularly, Meloxicum@0.5 mg/kg intramuscularly and NS 250 ml for five days. Local antiseptic dressing and fly repellant spray was advised for every alternative day. The skin suture was removed on 10th day post-surgery.
Title: Per-vaginal Management of a Fetal Ascites Intended Dystocia in a Cross Breed Cow: A Case Study
Abstract :

This article discussed about a case of per-vaginal management of dystocia in a cross breed cow due to fetal ascites cause. A 3.5 years old cross breed cow was presented at Mobile Veterinary Clinic, Gosaba Block, South 24 Paragans, West Bengal with a history of prolonged labor. The water bag was ruptured but there was no progression of parturition. Per-vaginal examination revealed that the cervix was completely dilated and the fetus was in anterior longitudinal presentation with an extremely distended abdomen. The case was diagnosed as dystocia due to fetal ascites. After epidural anesthesia, the abdominal wall of fetus was punctured with a fetotomy knife and about 5-7 liters of clear straw colored ascitic fluid was evacuated. Finally fetus was removed by gentle traction. Post operative therapy with antibiotics, analgesic, intravenous fluid and multivitamin successfully cured the animal.