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IJASE - Volume 1 - Issue 2

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Title: Employability : The Key Issue in Higher Education
Abstract :
The growth of Higher Education in India demands for “quality” and “excellence” because the present rate of “graduate employability” is just about 20 %. This is primarily because of the poor quality of teaching and research in many institutions; and also, the graduates lack industry relevance to be job ready from day one in terms of their acquired knowledge and skills. The paper examines to evolve a simple framework taking into account of the
present time deficiencies owing to the lack of appropriate infrastructure, great shortage of qualified and experienced teachers, significant gaps in the design of curricula meeting industry orientation, inadequate exposure or industry internship of the graduates, etc.; and further, discusses on the continuously increasing expectations from the private sector institutions towards the creation of knowledge networks, skills up-gradation centres, R&D
centres, innovation centres, centres of excellence, industry institute partnership, and the establishment of faculty development institutes for faculty and support staff to be trained in their respective fields.
Title: Three Phased Component Retrival Technique (TPCRT) for Best Qualified Component
Abstract :
The focus of this paper is to suggest a efficient component retrieval technique. Here a combined architecture of three search techniques from traditional (Keywords based) to latest approach (deductive search) is used to get best qualified component. This approach is useful for the software developers to get the appropriate components to develop efficient software within a short span of time. It also provides an efficient way to retrieve appropriate component from repository. The suggested design effectively supports query specification
and component search. It further guides users to exploit component resources for reuse.
Title: Electrochemical Study of Aqueous Extract of Star-fruit
Abstract :
The electrochemical and biochemical study of water extract of Starfruit (Averrhoa carambola L.), was screened for antioxidant power and total phenolic content by rapid electrochemical technique where indium doped tin-oxide (ITO) glass was used as working electrode over the conventional glassy carbon elctrode. The chemical assays predicted the determination of the reducing power while electrochemical assays evaluated the presence of active
electroactive organic compound by cyclic Voltammetry and differential pulse Voltammetry compare to standard, Gallic acid and ascorbic acid.
Title: From Documentation to Information Science and Technology [IST]: Philosophical and Technological Changes- A Conceptual Study
Abstract :
Documentation is an important practicing and knowledge field responsible for Document and similar tools development, designing and management. Documentation is classified as two types Active Documentation and Passive Documentation. Documentation is commonly treated as Documentation Science and in some countries as Documentation Studies. Documentation Science is useful in Document Management and Organization in
the Institutions, Establishments, Enterprises and other foundation. The advancement of technology; particularly IT and computing changes entire dimension of Documentation and evolved as Information Field; mainly Information Studies/ Information Science. The paper is talks about Documentation; its need and role. Paper specially finds out main
changes of information field from Documentation age to IT and Computing age. Paper also describe about changing Philosophical and Technological Changes of the field.
Title: Multi response Characteristics of Machining Parameters During Drilling of Alluminium 6061 alloy by Desirability Function Analysis using Taguchi Technique
Abstract :
This paper presents a new approach for optimizing the machining parameters on drilling of alluminium 6061 alloy. Optimization of machining parameters was done by an analysis called desirability function analysis (DFA), which is a useful tool for optimizing multiresponse problems. In this work, based on Taguchi’s L27 orthogonal array, drilling experiments were conducted over a wide a range of cutting conditions such as spindle speed varied in the range 600 rpm to 1000 rpm in 3steps, feed rate varied from 0.3 to 0.6mm /rev in 3 steps, high-speed steel (HSS) drills of 3 different diameters (8mm, 10mm
and 12mm) and different point angles have been used for drilling of 27 through holes on 10mm depth with variable combination of soluble oil mixing with pure water on Aluminum 6061 alloy. A drill tool dynamo meter was used to record the thrust force and torque. A composite desirability value is obtained for the multi-responses using individual desirability values, based upon that value, the optimum levels of parameters have been identified and significant contribution of parameters were determined by analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Confirmation test was conducted to validate the test result, which shows that the multiresponses in the machining process are improved through this approach. Thus, the application of desirability function analysis in Taguchi technique proves to be an effective tool for optimizing multi response characteristics of machining parameters during of drilling of alluminium 6061 alloy.
Title: Study on Shear Strength of Soil In Relation to Plant Roots as A Combind Matrix
Abstract :
Shear data for the unvegetated soil control samples, Thysanolaena maxima, and Saccharum spontaneum after 4,8 and 12 weeks of growth were studied. The soil stabilization effect of plant roots is based on two components ,first by friction between the soil particles that transfer shear stresses from the soil to the root reinforcement system, and second by soil arches that build up between cylindrical soil units that are reinforced by roots (root stocksoil
elements) and stabilize areas that are not rooted. Shear increase in rooted soil is based on the model of a combined matrix of a material that consists of fibres of relatively high strength and adhesion to a matrix of lower tensile strength. The reduction factor is defined as the ratio of particle size of the output material. The proportion of particle close to 0.425 mm was quite large and the amount of clay sized particle was too small to make the whole
sample plastic. The 0.075mm sieve were limited to a maximum of 2% although this percentage was permitted to rise to10% if the fines of this size were non plastic. Although exhibiting lower shear strengths than their unvegetated counterparts in the 4-week growth scenario, both species were seen to approach higher soil stability by the 12-week growth
scenario. Thysanolaena maxima handled higher shear stresses than the soil control sample after 8 and 12 weeks. The existing root area occupied by roots on a potential shear surface at a certain depth or by using the relationships of shear-strength increase in the soil versus the root- area ratio or the bulk weight of root per volume unit of soil. Together all these
three plants (Thysanolaena maxima, Saccharum spontaneum and Vetiveria zizanioides) are very effective as reinforcer for the prevention of soil erosion. Reinforcement is provided by both thin and coarse roots, the former acting more as tensile elements within the soil matrix, whereas large diameter roots can also act as tendons or anchors connecting planted surface layers to underlying or adjacent stable soil zones.