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Title: Self- Efficacy and Emotional Intelligence among Creative Professionals: A Study on Gender Differences
Abstract :
Self-efficacy is the individuals’ assessment of their capabilities to organize and execute actions required to achieve successful levels of performance. Emotional intelligence is defined as the composite set of capabilities that enable a person to manage himself/herself and others. The present study attempted to assess the impact of gender on self-efficacy and emotional intelligence of 100 creative professionals (dancers, musicians and painters), having a minimum of 5 years professional experience. For the present study, data was divided into two groups (i.e. 50 males and 50 females) of creative professionals randomly selected from three private academies ofthe tri-city (Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula). The t-test was applied for the purpose of statistical interpretation to test the significance of 
difference between these two means. Results indicated that males were found to be higher on the dimension of emotional intelligence than female creative professionals. However, no significant difference was found among male and female creative professionals on the dimension of self- efficacy. Further research however, is needed to comprehend the same.
Title: Role of ICT in E-governance and Rural Development : An Indian Scenario
Abstract :

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a key role in development & Economic growth of Rural India. A large number of rural e-Governance applications, developed as pilot projects were aimed at offering easy access to citizens services and improved processing of government to citizen transactions..This paper presents a brief review of the technologies, the rural ICT projects and the issues associated with the use of ICT for rural e-governance applications.

Title: Quality Assurance in School Education
Abstract :

The concern of any parent today is to make their children realize their dreams in life. The race for a good education starts the day the child enters in the school. With the economy becoming global year after year and parents attaching more importance to quality education, the competition to secure a seat in the best schools has become even more severe. Schools, therefore, should allow early acquisition of life skills within a complex learning environment. To be successful, teaching and learning – and the learning environment in the school – must be coherent. This requires a capacity-building process, which permeates the whole school life and aims to achieve a wide range of governance including knowledge, skills, values and dispositions.   Large numbers of researchers have viewed school quality in terms of the learning outcomes of students exhibited in form of cognitive achievement, which has been identified as the major explicit objective of all schools. Hence, it is the students’ cognitive achievement that is most often taken as an indicator of school quality. The NPE 1986 envisaged that teaching staff would be responsible for academic standards and providing academic leadership to ensure better performances by schools. School authorities, therefore, must adopt a proper quality assurance mechanism, monitor quality continuously with respect to different identified indicators and initiates appropriate actions to achieve the goals. Such an approach will help the management and the teachers to become aware of their responsibilities with regard to establishing quality in their management and teaching functions.

Title: Absenteeism among High School Students in Relation to School Climate
Abstract :

There is a strong relationship between school, teacher and student. Schools and teachers are meant for the development of students. Absenteeism of students occur due to such as school climate, motivation, lack of parental support etc. the higher the absenteeism, the lower the academics of students. The tool used in the present study is School refusal assessment scale standardized by Kearnel A. Christoper. The survey method was selected as it was found relevant for the present study. Stratified random sampling technique is followed in this study. The sample of the study consists of 300 high school students from Coimbatore city. The present study reveals that there exists a positive relationship between school climate and students absenteeism. Hence there exists a moderate correlation relation between absenteeism and school climate. In order to reduce the level of absenteeism with regard to school climate, necessary measures should be taken by the school authorities.

Title: Effectiveness of innovative technique on the working of brain and creativity and performance in mathematics of fifth class students
Abstract :

The present study was intended to investigate the effectiveness of abacus technique on the working of right and left sides of Brain, Creativity and Performance in mathematics among fifth class students. The study was conducted on 100 students of fifth class of two schools; Pre-Post test experiment control group design was employed. Abacus technique was treatment variable where as brain functioning of right and left hemisphere, creativity and performance were dependent variables. The findings of study reveal that abacus technique yielded higher gain scores than conventional class room teaching with respect to right and left brain functioning, elaboration (non verbal) and originality (non-verbal) on creativity test and in performance of fifth class students in mathematics. Also the gain scores of performance time shows after treatment time taken was less and differ significantly for conventional class room teaching. The group target taught through Abacus technique took significantly less time for completing the same syllabus then the control group.

Title: A Study of Computer Phobia among Prospective Teachers
Abstract :

Computer technology has revolutionized the Indian educational system. The main goal of computer in education is to enhance the teaching – learning process, but computer phobia is one of the major obstacles. In the present study, the researchers have made an attempt to find out computer phobia among the prospective teachers and also suggested some measures to remove this phobia among prospective teachers.

Title: A Study to find the perceptions of teachers towards child with dyslexia
Abstract :
The present study was conducted with the objective of finding out the perceptions of teachers towards child with dyslexia.This study was conducted at schools in Delhi region. Many misperceptions were also identified based on how long teachers had taught, whether teachers had specialist certificate or training to teach child with dyslexia, the school from which teachers earned their teaching degree, and overall beliefs’ about child with dyslexia.Significance of the findings in relation to the wider inclusive educational ideology is discussed and suggestions are made about the child with dyslexia.
Title: Awareness among B.Ed teacher training towards Cyber-crime-A Study
Abstract :

The present study aims to find out the Cyber Crime Awareness among B.Ed. Teacher Trainees. For this purpose a sample of 120 B.Ed students was selected from Sonipat district.The data was collected by Cyber Crime Awareness Scale (CCAS-RS) developed by Dr. S. Rajasekar. The study reveals that there is no significant difference towards cyber-crime awareness among boys and girls. There is no significant difference towards cyber-crime awareness among rural boys and girls. There is significant difference towards cyber-crime awareness among urban boys and girls, science and art boys and science and art girls. The result shows that awareness towards cyber-crime is not significantly affected by Gender, whether it is male or female but it is significantly affected area, whether it is rural or urban stream, whether it is science or art.

Title: Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instructional Package as Remedial Teaching for Learning disabled Children
Abstract :

The study determined the effectiveness of Computer-Assisted Instructional package (Games/Simulations) as Remedial teaching for learning disabled children among fifth grade students. Two null hypotheses were tested. The study adopted the pre-test-post-test-control group design. Simple random sample of sixty four (64) students were drawn from seven schools in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India. The researcher developed computer assisted instructional package (Game/Simulations) for Learning Disabled Children which was used as an instrument for experimental group while control group were exposed to traditional teaching method. The instrument for data collection was DTLD Test. The t-test statistics was used to analyse the hypothesis. The findings revealed that experimental group performed better than the control group.

Title: Human Rights and Education: A Hope for Peace
Abstract :

Human Rights are those minimal rights that every individual must have by virtue of his being a member of human family. They are the basic or natural rights which are inalienable and essential for development of human personality and for the happiness and progress of the human society. The need to make people aware of their rights is of paramount importance at their juncture. So Human rights and its education help in every human being from any type of discrimination and help the people to live peaceful and prosperous life in the society. Education can play a vital role in removing the ignorance and exploitation of human rights. In India, due to illiteracy and poor education system, people are not able to exercise them properly. Human Rights Education (HRE) is the only hope which helps in fulfilling the dream of “ Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” i.e. The whole world is a family. So the main function of HRE is to acquire and generate those values which encourage justice, freedom and peace. A Sincere effort has been made to focus on the need of human rights for peace so that we will be able to make the world a better place to live.

Title: Use of the internet and electronic resources for medical science information in Bangladesh: A case study
Abstract :

This article reports a survey on the use the Internet and electronic resources for medical science information of Sylhet Division, Bangladesh: a case study. Efforts are on to find the search requirements related to the use of the Internet information. Data were collected by using a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with Internet users from four medical colleges and hospitals of Sylhet Division, Bangladesh. Results show that all the respondents are using the Internet frequently because all faculties have provided connection to the Internet. It is revealed that the researchers and students of medical colleges are getting quality information through the Internet. Eighty eight % of respondents search for health science information through the Internet because the medical college’s library has provided access to various databases and online journals for all students and staff. They use the Internet in different ways, such as accessing to online journals, downloading software or text, chatting, discussion, E-mail services and for finding related references. It was unveiled that the Internet services are normally used for research. The analysis reveals that 72.2% of Internet users always find useful information on the Internet. Forty-two % of respondents believed that quality information is available on the Internet.

Title: Ignored Claims: A Focus on Status of Tribal Women Education of Santal Community of Puruliya District, West Bengal, India
Abstract :In a tribal world, role of women is more respectful than so called civil society. She enjoys and shares economic burden of her family as well as take part in almost every decision making. Thus she is more empowered than her counterpart. But in terms of materialistic development point of view a tribal women still suffers disproportionately from education and decent standard of living. In this juncture the paper tends to explain the status of tribal women education of one of the major tribal communities of Puruliya district, West Bengal namely the Santal. To understand the educational condition of Santal women, a statistical measurement technique is developed known as Female Educational Attainment Index (FEAI) which is comprised of two indices i.e. Combined Enrolment Index (CEI) and Female Literacy Index (FLI).
Title: Women in Higher Education: A Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Higher Education from Gender perspective in India
Abstract :

The paper is based on quantitative work of secondary data extracted from census of India and Directory of Colleges, University Grant Commission. It is an attempt to study the spatial and temporal analysis of the availability and enrollment in higher education for female across the Indian states. Analysis of the paper reveals that there is very high male-female disparity in gross enrollment ratio among the Indian states. Northern states especially, BIMARU states are most backward in higher education for female. There is an increasing trend of inequality between male-female in higher education despite the several governmental efforts for women empowerment.

Title: Science teachers participation in Nigerian School evaluation
Abstract :

The concern of this paper is to find out from the science teachers in Nigeria, their perception of the functionalism and their participation in the internal testing programme of Secondary Schools special reference to Rivers State. A sample of 1000 science teachers was randomly stratified from the entire teachers’ population of 6,000 in Government-own Secondary Schools. The percentages and chi-square (x2) statistical tools were used. The three hypotheses of the study were accepted at an alpha level of 0.05. There was no statistically significant relationships found between the science teachers’ perception of the internal testing programme in their schools and their participation in the whole exercises viz: their classroom instructional management functions; the guidance and counselling of their schools and the administration of their schools respectively. A suggestion for the training and re-training programmes of the science teachers in measurement and evaluation, principles practice methods and capability were preferred in the paper

Title: Effect of one year Face to Face B. Ed. Programme on Professional Commitment
Abstract :
The study investigated the effect of one year face to face B.Ed. programme on the professional commitment of the teacher interns in relation to type of institutions, academic streams and university system. The sample constituted of 1257 teacher interns belonging to science and humanities streams drawn from fifteen education Colleges from two universities i.e.Guru Nanak Dev University Amritsar and Panjab University Chandigarh were selected from government-aided and self-financed.The effect of execution of B.Ed. programme on the professional commitment of the teacher interns was studied with the help of a pre-test, post-test experimental design with 2×2×2 factorial design taking gain scores of professional commitment as dependent variable.
Title: Adequacy of Tertiary Education Curricula for Sustainable Development of the Graduating Students in Nigeria
Abstract :

Curriculum paradigm is among some other parameters which have participative roles to play in the global vision of sustainable development. In Nigeria case, despite the several reform measures towards sustainable development (SD), tertiary education curricula have been doubted in their viability to attend to sustainable development vision. On this premise, this descriptive survey investigated the adequacy of tertiary education curricula for sustainable development of the graduating students in Nigeria. Two research questions and one research hypothesis and guided the study. A sample of 525 tertiary institutions lecturers participated in the study. The instrument used had a reliability value of 0.79. The findings revealed that the tertiary institutions curricula in Nigeria are somewhat adequate (32.6%). Statistically significant difference was also recorded between university lecturers and colleges of education mean ratings of the adequacy of the curricula ( t-cal (3.39) > t-crit )1.92), while their responses on gender basis did not yield any significant difference (t-cal (0.47) < t-crit (1.92) The tilting responses observed in the findings of this study is a pointer to the inadequacies in the curricula which pose challenges to preparing graduating students for the global world advocating for sustainable development. The author recommends among others interconnectedness by collaboration/partnership among agents of sustainable development.

Title: Status of Inclusion of Children with Special Needs and Effective Teaching in Inclusive Classroom
Abstract :

Inclusion, right of Children with Special Needs, is an approach to educate students with special educational needs with non-disabled children, i.e., Inclusive Education. And therefore, the point here to think about is when we think about teaching in an inclusive classroom, what are our concerns? Do we have enough training? Do we get the support we need from school administrators or specialists? Does working with the children with special needs take time away from our other responsibilities? These questions are very common, and sometimes concerns are justified. The objectives for this study of concern are- (i) to study the status of inclusion of Children With Special Needs in schools of Indore city; and (ii) to suggest solutions for inclusion of CWSN in terms of awareness of teachers, school administration and effective teaching in inclusive classrooms. The sample will include the teachers of the schools in Indore city and a questionnaire will be used as a tool of study. The present study, therefore, will concentrate on the common concerns mentioned above, with a special focus on RTE-SSA (SarvaShikshaAbhiyan) policies and its status.

Title: In-Service Training at Elementary School Level: Impact on Classroom Practices
Abstract :Teacher Education includes both pre-service and in-service training to the teachers (Trainees). Here, in the present study, in-service training for teacher at elementary education level has been taken for research to explore any Changes in Classroom Practices of Elementary Schools as a result of such training. Both multi-stage and incidental sampling techniques were followed for selection of sample. As the objective of the study was to assess effectiveness/ impact of in-service training for elementary school teacher, the classroom teaching processes were observed through a Classroom Observation Schedule from 90 (ninety) classes of both trained and un-trained teachers working in elementary schools. The analysis was made through simple percentage calculation on the activities of the teachers and critical ratios (CR) were calculated to find the significance of the difference between two percentages obtained from classes of trained (56 classes) and un-trained (34 classes) teachers. The results depict that in-service training has significant positive effects, in favour of trained teachers, on the skills of introducing the lesson, skills of teachers for presenting the lesson in the classroom teaching; explain the lesson by giving suitable example, skill of explanation in the classroom with demonstration, asking question and students participation for seeking more elaboration on the lesson taught.
Title: Exploration of Opinionnaire of Subject Experts for Effectiveness of IT- Enabled Instructional Package in Science for X Class Students
Abstract :
ICT endows with a wide range of aids to solve problems and  ccomplishing tasks. ICT is  now a significant element of the basic content of each of the disciplines that students study  at the school level. In addition, ICT provides generic “productivity tools” that cut across all of the disciplines that students study. It is a dynamic field, growing rapidly in breadth and depth. Basic hardware capabilities of ICT, such as computer speed, computer storage 
capacity, telecommunications bandwidth, and the installed base are all growing rapidly. The next 15-20 years will likely bring us increases in computer speed, memory capacity, and telecommunications bandwidth by a factor of 1,000 or more. These hardware improvements, along with continued progress in software, will have aprofound impact on the societies of  our world.While moving on the same trail, the investigators have developed anIT-Enabled Instructional Package in science for class X. In this context, an effort has been made to assess the opinion of subject experts for effectiveness of IT-Enabled Instructional Package (ITEIP) in science (Biology) for X class students. In the present study, an opinion scale wasdeveloped to obtain the ratings of subject experts on variousstatements regarding validity of IT-Enabled Instructional Package. The opinion scale was given to subject experts individually from various educational institutions of North India. The results of the study revealed that most of the experts favored the effectiveness of IT-Enabled Instructional Package (ITEIP).The analysis disclosedthe fact that it is highly useful for teachers as well as studentsand modify of the role of teachers as facilitator. It is determined that the inclusion of ITEIP in routine classroom achingishelpful in increasing the achievement level of students at own pace in motivating and fascinating way in today competitive education system. 
 
Title: Effect of Advance Organizer Model of Teaching on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Social Science
Abstract :Advance Organizers are models which help students organize information by connecting it to a larger cognitive structure that reflects the organization of the discipline itself. An advance organizer  is a cognitive instructional strategy used to promote the learning and retention of new information. According to Ausubel (1978), the Advance organizer is an introductory material at a higher level of abstraction, generally and inclusiveness, to the learning material presented before the actual learning task. Advance organizer model is more effective when the learner lacks prior knowledge transfer. Keeping in view the importance of Advance Organizer Model in teaching-learning process a study was conducted. The sample of the study included 60 students of class IX. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect data. Intelligence test was used for selection of experimental and control groups. The students were divided into two groups (30 students in each group) on the basis of intelligence test score. The experimental group was taught through Advance Organizer model and the control group was taught by using traditional method (lecture method). After completion of teaching a self developed achievement test was administered. For drawing out the result, t-test was used. Result showed that students exposed to Advance Organizer model possessed higher score than the students taught through traditional method in social science.
Title: III Criterion of NAAC Research, Consultancy and Extension : A Case Study of School of Education, DAVV, Indore
Abstract :

The life of the individuals and the nation cannot be uplifted without Quality Higher Education. With the sole objective to give a helping hand to the Institutions to improve the Quality of Higher Education, NAAC has designed the seven criterion system for the assessment and accreditation procedure. This research paper deals with III criterion of NAAC out of the seven criteria. It is a Case Study of University Teaching Department in which the researcher studied all the six key aspects under the III Criterion – Research, Consultancy and Extension. This criterion seeks information on the policies, practices and outcomes of the Institutions with reference to Research, Consultancy and Extension. The reason to choose this criterion is that NAAC provides 35% of weightage to it, for Autonomous Colleges. It throws light on the efforts and strengths of School of Education (SOE) to promote a research culture. It’s Quality of Research and Extension Work is known all over the Nation which distinguishes it from the other Institutions in the country and makes it an ideal symbol for the other Teacher Education Institutions. The authors have outlined all the policies and practices carried by the Department by categorizing under the six key aspects of III Criterion.

Title: Promoting the Right to Education through Social Security System in India
Abstract :

Statistical data from the International organizations indicate that more than 57 million children were out of out of school in 2011. Globally, access to primary schooling has increased modestly in recent years. The right to education is a basic human right and a necessary piece of government social policy for the prevention and alleviation of poverty. In addition, one of the basic social security guarantees is providing access to education. Promoting the right to education through universal primary education cannot be achieved unless children are removed from child labour and are supported by social protection schemes. Studies have shown that if properly managed through social protection mechanism, education section improves all parts of the development of a country. In India, There are innovative policy and legislative approaches about improving universal education through social protection programmes. The question of the role of Social Security in promoting education system has been recently debated in International Law and Indian law field. However, these works have not adequately addressed this issue.This article will discuss the practical problems related to the extension to the right to education through social protection mechanism in India. It further examines the strengths and weaknesses of international standards and Indian social security system, and suggests ways and means by which better social protection of Right to education can be achieved.

Title: Role of ICT in Professional Development of Teachers
Abstract :

The most striking and latest innovation in the field of education is the integration of Information and Communication technology in education. The educational institutions, administrators, and teachers should cope with the suddenly increasing demand for information and skills. One cannot depend on only the same big blackboards, an overhead projector and video-graphed concepts as either because the transaction of curriculum is poor or the tools used in its transition lack application and skill. Technological resources that are available for teaching and learning specially include computer hardware and software, in addition to the growing range of peripherals, which include video, CD-ROM and electronic communication media. The rapidly changing nature of computer technology continues to expand the range of resources available for any subject- specific learning. Educators must be imaginative, flexible and willing to renew their vision of teaching and learning if they are to fully realize the potential of educational technology.

Title: Turnaround strategies for classroom and school management in Ekiti State, Nigeria
Abstract :

Education has been seen as an indispensable process of cognitive, affective and psychomotor development. However, there have been a drastic fall in the standard of education in Ekiti state known as “fountain of knowledge” and Nigeria at large. The way and manner in which the school as well as the classrooms are being managed determines the quality of students produced in the school system. This exploratory paper therefore examines the trends in the finance of education sector as well as the strategies for turning around classrooms and school management in Ekiti state. Some recommendations were made which include democratizing decision making in the school by involving staff and students in decisions concerning them in the schools, prevention of social conflict by being cordial with leaders of the school community.

Title: Re-Engineering Academic Planning and Quality Assurance for Improving Integrated Science Education in Nigeria
Abstract :

The development of science and technology is expectedly one of the ultimate goals of every responsible government. It remains the aspiration towards which all science programmes worldwide are geared. Though, the extent to which the target is approached differs from country to country and is a function of several variables including academic planning. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenges of academic planning for effective teaching and learning for science education. All in all, the paper x-rays the role of science education towards ensuring sustainable development and the need to strengthen all the mechanism of integrated science education through proper academic planning.

Title: Effect of Students’ Feedback and Teaching Experience on Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary School Teachers
Abstract :
The present study was aimed at finding the Effect of Students’ Feedback and Teaching Experience on Teacher Effectiveness of Secondary School Teachers. This study was experimental in nature. Sample was comprised of 102 Secondary School Teachers teaching in different five schools of Gurgaon city and students taught by them. In the Experimental group after taking students appraisal data of teacher effectiveness feedback was given to the teachers by the researcher. This Students’ feedback was comparative and non comparative, overall and dimension wise. It also included suggestions elicited from the students on important aspects of their teaching. The present study revealed that Feedback information provided to teachers was found to be effective in terms of Teacher Effectiveness of the 
teachers, But Teacher Effectiveness was independent of Teaching xperience of Teachers and the interactional effect of Teaching Experience of Teachers with Students’ Feedback, when Pre-Teacher Effectiveness was taken as co-variate.
Title: Self-esteem, anxiety and family climate for school going boys and girls in Haryana state
Abstract :

Many researches are being conducted in the area of parenting, self esteem, Anxiety and the impacts of Family Climate. For people of all ages, the development of full human potential is enhanced through self-esteem. Self Esteem is the perception of one’s own intrinsic worth, based on thoughts, beliefs, and life experiences. Anxiety whereas can be defined as overwhelming sense of apprehension or fearfulness- Marked by physiological signs, sometimes referred to as autonomic signs. The present study “A study of Self-Esteem, Anxiety and Family Climate for School Going Boys and Girls in Haryana State” tries to find out comparison between boys and girls for three variables i.e. Self-Esteem, Anxiety and Family Climate. The Sample of 150 students of grades six to ten was chosen because the children grow up in the way their parents brought them up. The results of the study show that Boys and Girls significantly differ for Anxiety and Expectation (A subscale of Family Climate Scale). All the other variables of the study have shown insignificant results.

Title: Food Security and Agricultural Production in West Bengal
Abstract :

The article deals with the issue of food security in West Bengal. West Bengal is one of the major food producing states, especially rice. The state has attained an impressive growth in agriculture due to some radical policies. Yet, news of starvation and hunger and death in some parts of West Bengal is frequently reported. The present article is a contribution to the formulation of policies and adoption of measures to eliminate hunger, starvation and to provide food security to the people of the state.

Title: Operational Land Holdings in India: Trend and Inequality Analysis (1995 – 2011)
Abstract :

As India is often termed as an agrarian economy and land is the fundamental means of production, therefore, it is of immense importance to study land distribution patterns, for better agricultural planning. A lot of research work has been done to study the after effects of land reforms, inequality in land distribution etc.The paper tries to look at various aspects of (growth in total number and area, inequality in the distribution) individually owned operational land holdings in India for a period spanning from 1995 to 2011. To look at change in individually owned operational land holdings (growth rate in terms of both total number and area under different size class) in India, for the above mentioned period. The paper analyses state wise the change in individually owned operational land holdings (growth rate in terms of both total number and area under different size class) for the above mentioned period, showcases level of inequality in individually owned operational land holdings (in terms of number and area) in India comparing 1995 to 2011, examines level of inequality in individually owned operational land holdings (in terms of number and area) for all states comparing 1995 to 2011.Various statistical, graphical and cartographical (ArcGIS) techniques have been used to analyse the data of Agriculture Census of 1995 and 2011, provided by Ministry of Agriculture, GOI. An attempt has been made to interpret the results precisely and specifically for different regions or states according to their policies, social climate etc. Comparisons between 1995 (20th century) and 2011 (21st century) is what makes the study of immense importance.

Title: Barriers to Sustainable Industry Institute Partnership and Remedial Measures
Abstract :

The agenda for a robust IIP (Industry Institute Partnership) is well laid out by experts from both Industry and Academia with innumerable benefits for the stakeholders.For the Institute, a few benefits may be an improved curricula, specialized industrial training and projects for UG/PG students,consultancy/R&D, revenue generation and placements. For the industry, the benefits may be the availability of full-fledged engineers to take up challenging tasks in the industry, need based training for its employees and enhancement of business to name a few. Though the agenda is clear, the challenge seems to lie in the implementation phase of a specific program or project, where many pitfalls/bottlenecks pose a threat to the success of the program. An attempt has been made in this paper to highlight a few barriers to effective implementation of plans/ strategies like resource constraints, human factors, factors external to both the partnering organizations etc. The paper will also discuss the remedial measures to be meticulously carried out for removing these bottlenecks for realizing the objectives of a program/project.

Title: Changing Pattern of Population Growth of Thalisain Block, Pauri District, Uttarakhand
Abstract :

The population is very important component of any region, which determines the level of socio-economic development and environmental degradation in an area. It has been one of the most important subjects of study for social scientists including geographers. The identity of any region is known by its people who lived with its territories. The word ‘Population’ invariably brings to one’s mind varied images, problems and solutions. The present study is an attempt to assess the changing pattern of population growth of Thalisain block. The information are taken from different sources of secondary data and the main source of data for analysis is from the censes hand book and Garhwal Gazetters. Thalisain development block of Pauri district is the area of interest and is extended from 29o54’30” to 30o10’0” N and 78o54’0” to 79o13’30” E, measuring 35km in length and 49km in width. The area is completely rural and covers 584.km2.

Title: Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Self-Concept of OBC Students at Different Level of Socio-Economic Status
Abstract :

The present investigation is an attempt to study the influence of Emotional Intelligence on self-concept of OBC students of secondary level with respect to their socio-economic status. Emotional Intelligence is a human being ability to control and manage their emotion accurately. A sample 471 OBC students of secondary level of Meerut Zone (U.P) was selected to collect the data. Mangal Emotional intelligence inventory and self-concept measure was used as research tool. Ex-post-facto method was used for the present study. As a result it was found that there is significant difference between self-concept high and low Emotional Intelligence group of OBC students and significant result obtained at different level of socio-economic status.

Title: Higher Education in India: Challenges and Government’s Initiatives
Abstract :

Higher Education stands as one of the pillars of success of any nation. So it becomes necessary to understand the pros and cons of Higher Education system of any country. Therefore, the present paper purports to finding out the specific challenges which is evident in the Higher Education system of India and Government’s initiatives to fight the existing challenges. Secondary data was used to infer the current scenario of Higher Education in India. It was found that the contribution of National Knowledge Commission (NKC), University Grants Commission (UGC), Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is enormous in addressing various aspects of Higher Education in India. In spite of many efforts by the Govt. of India to harness the education system, there is a huge gap between the policies initiated and their implementation which is demanding innovate approaches and models to ensure quality education.

Title: Awareness of teacher about the maintenance of equipment of D.H.H. (deaf and hard hearing)in primary education
Abstract :

Education is the backbone of the country and only those country will progress which will contribute maximum to the benefit of it. Primary education is the grass root level of any educational system. It is the foundation of the higher education. The educational policies of independent India were based on those principles and were committed towards the achievement of universal elementary education. It stressed on the need of inclusion of disabled children in the educational system to achieve the goal of “education for all”. The implementation of the Act signifies a shifting from the belief that children with disabilities should be educated in segregated special school to the belief that children should be included.The present study mainly involved through survey method. The Data were collected through Allahabad district. The sample were selected from random process through inclusive school of 40 male teachers and 50 female teachers. Data will analyzed by using parametric techniques. The result showed that commitment of Government i.e. Education all is not being sufficient translated into action, that assures inclusive education for all.

Title: Evaluation of Distance Learning Pedagogy
Abstract :

Quality of education has been an area of interest among many. Educational institutions aim at improving their quality of education. One way of improving quality is through gap analysis. This study has been attempted to ascertain the quality of education provided to Distance Education students. An analysis of students expectations based on 5 dimensions has been conducted. The study found that students of Distance education are satisfied with their contact classes and the quality of self-instructional material provided. Some areas where gaps were found included internal and external assessment.

Title: Consumer Psychology and Memory Recall Effect: An Analytical Study on Comparative Advertising
Abstract :

Advertising is all about competing with brands and proving its superiority over other brands. Competition through comparison is a creative form of advertising profession and offers leading edge for a brand, adds to its value, and positions it as a unique brand in the product category. It is advertising and especially the comparative advertising that makes a detergent whiter, a soft drink stronger and a toothpaste healthier than just the rival brands. Comparative advertising has its genesis in a way that it compares two brands and highlights only the most powerful features of one brand over the other. The entire communication process remains favourable for the advertised brand and leaves rival brand in poor light without stating its worth. The purpose of this study is to test its hypothesis whether consumers recall comparative advertisements better than regular forms of advertisements. It also explores the factors responsible for the memory effects of comparative advertisements. The study is based on a survey indicating the growing acceptance among the consumers to be more receptive towards comparative advertisements and why brands are claiming to be better, safer and cheaper than their competitors. Results evince that the design of comparative advertising that includes the content and manner of presentation greatly charms the consumers and affects their buying behaviour. The study also shows that advertisements which have a greater number of cues are easier to recall than those with lesser cues.

Title: Job Satisfaction of School Teachers in Relation to their Gender and Mode of Appointment
Abstract :

No one can deny the fact the teachers are the ‘nation builders.’ They have the potential to determine the destiny of any nation or society. It is, therefore desired that teachers must be equipped with all those knowledge, skills and values which will help them to deliver their best to the society. In the past many recommendations have been made by various committees or commissions, from time to time, to improve the quality of teaching and thus, of education. Unfortunately, no major change has been noticed so far. It is a hard fact that with the passage of time the quality education has been decreasing day by day, particularly in public sector.

Title: Relationship between Social Competence and Home Environment of Adolescents
Abstract :

This study was conducted to find the relationship between social competence and home environment of adolescents. This study also aimed at finding the relationship between dimensions of social competence (Personal adequacy, interpersonal adequacy and communication skills) and dimensions of home environment ( Protectiveness, parental involvement, academic stimulation, reward, parental warmth, punishment, participation in home affairs, control, permissiveness and parental expectations). Descriptive method was used in this study. The study was conducted on a sample of 800 students of +1 class taken randomly from schools of Jalandhar and Kapurthala affiliated to Panjab school education board, Mohali. Social competence scale by Sharma & Rani (2012) was used to find social competence among adolescents. Home environment scale by Akhtar & Saxena (2014) was used to study the home environment of adolescents. The analysis of data was done by using product moment correlation, mean, standard deviation, coefficient of skewness and coefficient of kurtosis were also calculated to know the nature of data. The results of the study show that the Personal Adequacy (PA) dimension of social competence has positive, low but significant relation with academic stimulation dimension of home environment. All other nine dimensions of home environment have positive, very low and not significant correlation with personal adequacy of adolescents. The results show that there exists positive, very low but significant correlation between interpersonal adequacy dimension of social competence and parental involvement, academic stimulation, reward, parental warmth, participation in home affairs, permissiveness and parental expectation dimensions of home environment respectively while there exists a positive, very low and not significant relation between interpersonal adequacy & protectiveness, punishment and control dimensions of home environment. There exists a positive, low,but significant correlations between communication skills dimension of social competence and parental involvement, parental expectations, academic stimulation and permissiveness dimensions of home environment while the correlation of communication skills with the remaining dimensions of home environment is not significant. There exists a positive, low but significant correlation between social competence and home environment of adolescents. The results indicated that as home plays an important role in developing social competence among adolescents, such a loving and caring environment should be provided at home that gives academic stimulation, protectiveness, freedom to express ideas and opportunities to participate in home affairs.

Title: Representation of women in Jammu and Kashmir Bureaucracy: A Sociological Analysis
Abstract :

The status of women is not homogenous throughout the social and economic fabric of Jammu & Kashmir; there exists wide range diversity on the status and role of women, but generally it has been observed in Jammu & Kashmir those women’s rights to inheritance, education, employment, and political rights, are considerably lower compared to that of men. The social construction in Jammu & Kashmir is predominantly patriarchal. Consequently, women are seen to succumb to subordination .Additionally women are provided with limited opportunities to create choices that allow them to change the realities of their lives. Public sphere activities in Jammu & Kashmir are predominantly male and the Jammu & Kashmir state Administration is governed by male actors. Administration is one of the most important instruments available to the Government to achieve the goals of the nation. Kashmir bureaucratic organization is not a gender neutral; the women in the organization are not a professional neutral but are sexualized by their gender. They are not rewarded for their competence or expertise, but are stereotyped and allowed to have limited access to excel in the bureaucracy. They are excluded from the power equation. This sort of discrimination not only ensures that women do not have powerful, successful career like their male counterparts, but also de-motivates and disillusions the women about future success in their career. In this context the present paper entitled women’s representation in bureaucracy: A sociological Analysis will try to analyze the various impediments that continue to hinder women in moving up the bureaucratic ladder in Jammu and Kashmir Administration.

Title: Applicability and Usability of RFID Technology in Library
Abstract :

Technology makes all kind of business functions perform better. To survive in a highly competitive business environment, companies should resign their structure by new technologies. On the other hand, sectors which are not so competitive like public library services, need to use new technologies to serve better. One of new technology applications that has been used in various sectors for 2000 years, is RFID technology. In this context, it was investigated whether RFID technology was useful for library services with a case study in a concept of qualitative research method. It is thought to be useful and pioneer for library services to develop their function system with RFID technology.

Title: Socio Religio Culture During Qutb Shahs
Abstract :

The Qutb Shahi dynasty has been considered a “Composite “ of Hindu Muslim religio- social culture.The Qutb Shahi Society were heterogeneous consisting of the people from different lands, religions & sects. They never tried to impose their faith on others. Instead they allowed complete freedom to the people of other religions & sect. Equal opportunities were made available to their subjects in all matters of the State. Even the top positions of the administration were occupied by nobles belonging to different religions & sects.

Title: Intellectual Disability: definition, classification, causes and characteristics
Abstract :

The term intellectual disability refers to the level of cognitive functioning that is demonstrated by particular children. It is the circumstance in which a children’s cognitive functioning is impeded to the point of causing a significant disability in receiving information from his or her environment, then effectively processing, problem solving and adapting to this information. This paper provides an overview of children with intellectual disability incorporating definition, causes and classification for conceptual understanding. Intellectual disability is characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviour, the latter expressed as conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills. An intellectual disability is defined as an IQ below 70 and deficits in adaptive behaviour or daily living skills (eating, dressing, communication, participate in group activity). People with intellectual disability learn slowly and have difficulty with abstract concepts. This paper also throws some light on the characteristics of people with intellectual disabilities.

Title: Women Empowerment And Hindu Literature
Abstract :

Women Empowerment is a social issue more than a legal issue. Change in the existing mind set of society is the need of the hour. Need of women empowerment is needed due to the demand for natural justice and as a tool for nation building. In a democratic country like ours the protection of human rights and natural justice form an integral part of the constitution. The issue of women empowerment is very complex and multidimensional. Empowering women means to create an environment where women can freely exercise their rights both within and outside home and equal partners along with men. Literature plays an important role in the development of society. Hindu literature has been occupying the prominent position for the last many centuries. Society always tries to mould itself according to the literature which is taught to the society.

Title: Mathematical Skills of Students with and without Learning Disabilities: An analysis
Abstract :

In classroom teaching a teacher comes across several learning problems faced by students. Popularly referred to as ‘Learning Disability’, point towards those individuals who face problems relating to reading, writing, spelling and mathematics. It is a disorder which may occur in one or more of the processes of speech, language, reading, spelling, writing or mathematics. These problems faced by individuals can also adversely affect other skills like social skills etc. Mathematical Skills, the master of all skills, is the conceptual understanding of different mathematical relations and functions. If one has knowledge to use and apply mathematical skills in one’s daily life, one would enjoy every phase and action of life. But if otherwise, then one will suffer in every activity of life and possibly will result in mathematical learning disability or ‘Dsycalculia’. Amid discrepancies between actual and expected performance of the child, dishearten them to compete in the competitive world. As they do not get proper attention towards their abilities, their hidden handicap tends to increase.

Title: Integration of Information and Communication Technology in School Curriculum
Abstract :

The diffusion of technology resources in education may widen the horizon of the learning domains. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been credited as a kind of building block which appears to be basic in laying foundations for a modern society in which the criteria of lifelong learning and adjustment are fulfilled. For developing nations, ICT has proved dynamic enough in increasing the access of education and also in improving the quality and relevance of education for the common mass. ICT resources help students in undergoing reasoning, creativity & problem solving and there exists a positive correlation between the ICT supported academics learning and critical thinking skills. ICT oriented curricula must be augmented by appropriate cognizance at ethical, legal and social level of technology use also as there may be unwanted attempts of plagiarism and software piracy. The formal education system is undergoing a radical change from lecture oriented & teacher centred trend to interactive learning and student centred pattern. ICT inclusion in school system boosts the effectiveness of teachers and improves learning on the part of students and the student achievement is also enhanced when ICT is used in some structured and planned way in formal teaching-learning. On ground level there are some obstacles, from both the teachers and learners perspectives, which stand as barriers in ICT inclusion in the school system.

Title: Role of Parental Attention on the Academic Achievement of Rural and Urban Secondary School Students of Expatriate Parents
Abstract :

The purpose of the study was to find out the role of parental attention on academic achievement of students of expatriate parents. The study particularly deals with the role of parental attention on academic achievement of rural and urban students separately. The sample for the study was collected from various schools of Malabar region in the state of Kerala. Sample consists of 600 secondary school students whose fathers are working abroad of which 300 are rural students and 300 are urban students. A self made tool was used to measure the parental attention and the score of annual examination was taken as the indicator of academic achievement. Mean standard deviation and t-test was used for analyzing data. Students were classified into three groups based on the parental attention they get; namely high attention group, average attention group and low attention group. A comparison of percentage of achievement was done further. The study revealed that there is a significant relation between the academic achievement and parental attention among the secondary school students of expatriate parents in urban area where as it revealed that there is no significant relation between the academic achievement and parental attention among the secondary school students of expatriate parents in rural area.

Title: Shaping Teachers Personality Through Community-Based Program
Abstract :

The Impact of a teacher’s personality on the tender minds and hearts of any individual is everlasting. A good teacher has the capacity to mould a child’s personality tremendously. Earlier, the concept of a person being born as a teacher was prevalent but with the vast amount of knowledge, large number of teachers are required to meet the purpose of training a huge number of students. Hence efforts have been made since long time to develop good teachers in each and every country as per the requirement. Still the process of refinement of teacher’s personality is going on. Teachers and students have to live in the community, hence community based programmes are considered to greatly influence some traits of the personality of teachers. Leadership, passion, pragmatism, patience, dedication, risk taking, sense of humour, flexibility & creativity, respect for others, high energy level, communication skill, organising capacity are the traits considered to be influenced by community-based programmes.

Title: A study of role of SMC as mentioned in Right to Education Act, 2009 among Municipal Corporation Primary Schools of Delhi.
Abstract :

The present article is an attempt to study the role of SMC members in the implementation of Right to Education Act, 2009. The study is descriptive survey.The data was collected from SMC members of Municipal Corporation Schools of Delhi. A questionnaire comprising of closed ended and open ended questions was prepared for studying the role of SMC members in the implementation of RTE Act. The data collected was systematically tabulated and was analysed qualitatively. The findings of the study show that the provision of SMC is not functional in the investigated schools. There is lack of awareness among teachers, parents and SMC members regarding functioning of SMC.

Title: Open Source Software Vis-à-Vis Cloud Computing: Healthy Requirement for Social Development: A Brief Case Study
Abstract :

Cloud Computing is one of the important computing platform in today’s age which is responsible for virtualization of several Information Technology product which including hardware, software, application, packages, utilities and operating systems. The developments of Information Technology rejuvenate by the application of Cloud Computing application and promotion. Practically Cloud Computing is a consortium based computing service, in which most of the cases, a service provider build all the facilities and provides services of software, hardware, and others to the remote based organization and institutions. This paper is briefly discuses about the Open Source Software dedicated to cloud platform creation and promotion in very simple manner.

Title: A Study of Interest Factor of Secondary School Students About
Abstract :

Education has a great role in individual’s process of growth and development. Man as a total is equal to reorganized and reconstructed life experiences of him. It is impossible to imagine life status at this time without science. Science learning is indispensable part of school curriculum. And without practicability values science is a fiction. In science learning students’ participation is must. Generally it has come to observation that science learning requires scientific attitude. It becomes interesting when it ensures students participation. This study aims to know the interest of secondary school going students about science subject. Researcher used survey method of research in this study. Random sampling technique was used in this study.GSS School Kothi rural and GSS school Ghumarwin urban Bilaspur HP were selected for study.Thirty two students (Boys) and Thirty two students (Girls) each were taken as sample from each school.The total size of the sample was one hundred and twenty eight. The researcher used a self developed scale. Questionnaire developed carries fifty one questions which are to be rated on five point scale like strongly agree, agree ,neutral, disagree and strongly disagree. Data was analyzed with t-test for comparison and percentage was caluculated.Results show that students are actively interested in science subjects. They consider it most important for their life. They show an interest to science related articles. They differ in interest for science subject with respect to rural and urban background.

Title: Consumer Society in India: Some Reflections
Abstract :

In the current phase of globalization and changing economic scenario in India, it appears that the increase in money flow in the market is an artificial creation. The government also keeps on pumping money to save the industrialists. The ordinary people in any part of the world find it difficult; however, to comprehend the intricacies of the economics. However, with increase in salaries and easy availability of loans, they keep on purchasing the items which are of no use to them. This paper is an attempt to bring back the attention to the neo-marxist, critical theorists and post-modernist critiques of emerging market society in the world. An attempt is made to relate the theories to the current situations in India where the government claims the highest growth ratio but the Human Development Index and other indexes show the bitter truths of rising inequality, poverty and skewed development.

Title: Dyscalculia: Its Types, Symptoms, Causal Factors, and Remedial Programmes
Abstract :

The term dyscalculia comes from Greek and Latin which means “Counting badly”. The prefix “dys” comes from Greek means “badly” “calculia” comes from the Latin “calculare”, which means “to count” the word “calculare ” comes from “calculus” (the diminutive of “calx”, which means stone), Which means “pebbles” or one of the Counters on an abacus.Dyscalculia is a learning disorder that involved math. Those who are diagnosed with the disorder can either have problems of understanding the meaning of numbers, their qualities difficulty using mathematical symbols and concepts, and inability to apply mathematical principles to solve problems. People with developmental dyscalculia show signs of the disability from a young age a condition that causes the same symptoms later in life.Although math learning difficult occur in children with low IQ. Dyscalculia occurs in people across the whole IQ range. Dyscalculia is possibly caused by a miscommunication in brain involving the language and visual processing centers. Some believe that Dyscalculia is inherited while other think environmental toxins like lead paint can cause the learning disorders. Those who suffer from dyscalculia cannot understand the meaning of numbers and their quantities. Simple mathematical skills like knowing how to add, subject, multiply, or divide are difficult.Those who suffer from these learning disorders are usually skilled in reading and writing. They excel in the creative arts; they are unable to grasp the simplest of mathematical concepts. Usually dyscalculia is diagnosed when the sufferer is school age.

Title: Different Aspects of Emerging Trends of Indian Education
Abstract :

Our country India belongs to a third world country. So in a country like India education has to play a crucial role in social transformation, social change, and national development. But for that we have to accept the current trends and development as well as new innovations in education. The present area in Indian education is very significant and crucial both in terms of quantity and quality. The existing political, social and economic structures have their impact on education as they give rise to educational problems. On the other hand new educational policies and technological advancement and development has posed new challenges and encountered with new problems in re-orientation and re-organization of education at all levels.

Title: A Comparative Study of Teaching Effectiveness and Adjustment to Teaching Profession of Govt. and Privately Managed Secondary School Teachers
Abstract :

The present study was undertaken to compare teaching effectiveness and adjustment to teaching profession of Government and privately managed secondary school teachers. A sample of one hundred and fifty secondary school teachers were randomly selected by the researcher. Seventy five privately managed school teachers and seventy five government managed secondary school teachers of ninth and tenth standard classes were selected from Mathura District of Utter pradesh.This study shows that a significant difference exists between teaching effectiveness of Government and private school secondary teachers.

Title: Role of Information and Communication Technology in Teaching Learning Process
Abstract :

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have become commonplace entities in all aspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavors within business and governance. Within education ICT has begun to have a presence but the impact has not been as extensive as in other fields. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degree of personal contact with learners. The use of ICT in education lends itself to more student centered learning setting and often this creates some tensions for some teachers and students. But with the world moving rapidly into digital media and information, the role of ICT in education is becoming more and more important and this important and this importance will continue to grow and develop in the 21st century .

Title: Education for Human Revolution
Abstract :

This paper attempts an understanding of the idea of education as developed in the writings of the three presidents of Soka Gakkai International and further dwells upon its relation with the concept of human revolution. The philosophy of education as encountered in these thought leaders and spiritual agents of change has much to do with basic processes of creating value in life and inspiring a chain of such meaningful actions which result in what has been called- the human revolution.

Title: A Study of Adjustment of Visually Impaired and Normal Students in Relation to Their Parental Behaviour
Abstract :

Adjustment is a process by which a living organism maintains a balance between needs and circumstances that affects the satisfaction of these needs. The aim of the study is to find out the level of adjustment of visually impaired and normal students and to compare it on the basis of parental behavior and to find out the interactional affect of types of students and parental behavior on the basis of adjustment. Normative Survey method was applied. 200 visually impaired students and 200 normal students were randomly selected from 10 Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools of Dehradun and Haridwar districts of Uttarakhand. ANNOVA Statistical technique was applied for data analysis. After interpretation of data it was found that normal students, have better Emotional, Social, Educational and Total Adjustment as compared to visually impaired students where as parental behavior does not significantly affect the adjustment of visually impaired and normal students. Types of students and parental behavior when joint together, are found insignificant in all the above mentioned dimensions of adjustment of visually impaired and normal students. It is suggested to Parents, Teachers, Curricula Makers, Counselors, Students, Society and Government that these all should be aware of the findings of the study and should maintain a favourable atmosphere by providing special facilities for visually impaired students so that they may increase their adjustment level and may feel the sense of security. It is our duty to bring these students into the main stream of the society so that they may feel the sense of security.

Title: Cooperative Learning: An Innovative Strategy to Classroom Instruction
Abstract :

Innovation and reform are the two key factors in the development and progress of any education system and its practices and processes. New strategies of teaching and learning are being thought and practiced as most important inputs to bring about qualitative improvement in the education. Cooperative learning is one such approach which makes the students to learn as group to maximize their own and each others’ learning. The focus of this strategy is on inter- personal exchange of opinions, intellectual challenge, critical thinking, higher level reasoning-the skills which are highly valued in the age of globalization. It is being increasingly felt that thinking process of students is being suppressed by competitive learning environment prevalent in schools. The cut throat competition encourages negative interdependence. The school curriculum has to aim at not only enabling learners to acquire knowledge. The development of intrinsic values and emotional intelligence of learners are equally important. The cooperative learning helps in all round development of personality if applied systematically.

Title: A Study of Values of Secondary School Students in Relation to Their Socio-Economic Status and Modernization
Abstract :

The future of any nation depends on its children. Values play an important role in shaping the character and personality of the children. The present study attempts to study the values of secondary school students in relation to their socio-economic status and modernization. The main purpose of the study is to compare the values of secondary school boys and girls, rural and urban students and government and non-government secondary school students. In this study normative survey method was employed. All secondary school students of district Haridwar constituted the population of the study. Two- stage random sampling technique was used to select a total number of 320 secondary school students from the government and non-government secondary schools of district Haridwar. Mean, S.D., ‘t’ test were used for the statistical analysis. The findings revealed that all the secondary school students had average level of values. They preferred social values most while religious value was least preferred by the students. Secondary school boys had higher religious, aesthetic, hedonistic, power, family prestige and health values while secondary school girls had higher economic value. Secondary school students of rural and urban area were found to differ significantly in religious, social, economic, hedonistic, power, family prestige and health values. There was found a significant difference in the hedonistic, family prestige and health values of government and non-government secondary school students

Title: Education and Social Capital
Abstract :

The relationship between education and social capital has been of great interest to the researchers over years, including, economists, sociologists, political scientists and educationists. The aim of this paper is to gain an understanding of the relationship between social capital and education. This paper starts with the theoretical perspectives on social capital and education, especially in the views of Pierre Bourdieu, James Colemen and Robert D. Putnam. The second section tries to explain the effect of social capital on education and the last section looks at the way education affects social capital. The paper suggests that the governments may fulfil the necessary condition of providing education but it will be less effective without sufficient social capital.x

Title: Influence of Parental Attention on the Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students of Expatriate Parents
Abstract :

The study was conducted to find out the influence of parental attention on academic achievement of students of expatriate parents. The sample for the study was collected from various schools of Malabar region in the state of Kerala. Sample consists of 600 secondary school students whose fathers are working abroad of which 312 are boys and 288 are girls. A self made tool was used to measure the parental attention and the score of annual examination was taken as the indicator of academic achievement. Students were classified into three groups based on the parental attention they get; namely high attention group, average attention group and low attention group. A comparison of percentage of achievement was done further. The study revealed that there is no significant relation between the academic achievement and parental attention among the secondary school students who are under the care and control of their mothers than that of their fathers.

Title: Teacher Efficacy of Secondary School Teachers in Relation to Their Teaching Competency
Abstract :

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between teacher efficacy and teaching competency of secondary school teachers. The study also examined the differences in teacher efficacy and teaching competency of secondary school teachers with respect to locale and gender. For this, 200 respondents from Gurdaspur city were selected. The results of the investigation revealed that no significant gender difference in scores of teacher efficacy and teaching competency. The study further revealed that there is significant difference in teacher efficacy and teaching competency of secondary school teachers with respect to locale. However negative relationship between teacher efficacy and teaching competency of secondary school teachers is found.

Title: Illiteracy Flagging India
Abstract :

India shares the highest proportion with more than one third of the world’s illiterates along with one fourth illiterate population at the national level. Illiteracy is one of the important factors which negatively affect the socio-economic development of society. The illiterate population is isolated and excluded from mainstream society. The present paper is an attempt to analyze the pattern of illiteracy across the Indian states. The study is based on secondary data extracted from the Census of India 2011- applying the diagram and mapping to present status of illiteracy at a regional level. The analysis of the pattern of illiteracy reveals that illiteracy is the highest among rural females while it is lowest for urban males. The gap between male –female illiteracy indicates that there is heterogeneity in rural females and homogeneity in urban males. Moreover, there is a regional imbalance in educational as well as in empowerment efforts.

Title: Global Land Deals and its Impact
Abstract :

Over the past decade, there has been a massive increase in large-scale land deals, often from public lands to the hands of foreign or domestic investors. Popularly referred to as ‘global land grab’, new land acquisitions are challenging the nature of both governance and government. It is inferred that ‘the state’ is often invoked as a key player in land grabbing but states never operate with one voice; rather we need to unbundle the state, to see government and governance as processes, people and relationships. To develop this approach, focus is on territory, sovereignty, authority and subjects not as static objects but as relationships in place, property, power and production. Understanding the dynamic nature of these relationships is critical for the highly variable form and content of large-scale land deals in different settings around the world.

Title: MSc Human Computer Interaction [HCI]: the Domain Beyond Traditional Green Web Systems–Indian Educational Context
Abstract :

Human Computer Interaction is a field that is concerned generally with Human Centric System and is concerned generally with making interface which has usability or user friendliness. Human Computer Interaction means interaction or affiliation with human or people with computer or machine. More clearly Human Computer Interaction is allows user to effectively and efficiently accomplish the task for which it was design and one that uses rate positively on opinion or emotional scale. Human Computer Interaction restricted on computer but it can be wider than that. Today it is actually nothing but the planning, designing and development of computer devices and system which are much more intelligent and interactive and known as pulse of human being. This paper is talks about so many aspect of Human Computer Interaction including need and possibilities of proposed MSc- Human Computer Interaction in Indian context.

Title: Role of Pro-Polio Education, Attitude and Belief among Muslim Community and its Relation to Health Issues
Abstract :

Human beings are the most important resources. In order to develop the human resources, the pre-condition is to ensure their good health. Polio is a threat to it. The disease thrives primarily among the Muslim community. Human’s decision is guided by his /her attitude and belief. Comparison between different educational status groups of Muslim community people’s attitude towards polio was significant at 0.01 level, except that between the primary and secondary educated ones. The attitudinal difference between male and female Muslim community people towards polio was also significant at that statistical level. The female possess better attitude than their male counterpart. No definite relation was found between the educational level and belief in polio among the Muslim community people.

Title: Career Choices and Perceptions of Students at a Rural University for Women in North India
Abstract :

The paper is an analysis of career perceptions of students studying in three different streams at a women’s university in rural Haryana (India). Society in Haryana has a patriarchal social structure and gender inequalities are evident in most of the socio-cultural spheres. The ideas of educating women in such societies remain tied with processes of gender socialisation and prevailing ideological beliefs. Choices and perceptions of women students regarding career and professional orientation thus become markers of their identity negotiation processes through education. These processes in turn help to evaluate the relevance of education for addressing gender imbalances in such societies.

Title: Value: Indian Scenario
Abstract :

In ancient India, education was primarily value oriented, however, the so-called modern education is unable to respond to the most crucial purpose of education, that is, character-building through inculcation of universal human values. On the contrary, there has been an erosion of values on a continuing basis. Whether a child shall grow up to regard life with suspicion or with confidence; to be deceitful or straight forward; contentious and grasping or co-operative and loyal. These and other characteristics are determined by the treatment he receives and obviously they enter into the essential qualities of spiritual life in general and of his religion in particular.

Title: A Comparative Account of Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Abstract :
Quantitative research is concerned with establishing the cause and effect relationship but qualitative research is more concerned with understanding the social phenomenon from the participant’s perspectives. In other words we can say that, qualitative research is concerned with the opinions, experiences and feelings of individuals producing subjective data. Whereas quantitative researchers seek causal determination, prediction and generalization of findings, qualitative researchers seek instead illumination, understanding and extrapolation to similar situations. Qualitative and quantitative research differ in many ways but they complement each other as well Researchers who use one type of research alone do not always communicate well with those using the other, but the languages and orientations of the styles are mutually intelligible.
Title: Walking Under the Ladder will Only Knock the Carpenter Off His Perch! Are Superstitions Mindless?
Abstract :

Superstitions are an inevitable product of associative learning, which manifest in endless ways and have been impacting human behaviour in spheres such as health, business, education and sports etc. Superstitions benefit individuals in the form of a coping strategy or as a defense mechanism; but are only healthy if used in moderation. Superstitions have been termed as an irrational belief, a flawed perception and still persist despite the level of technological advancements taking place. Mindfulness as a means to enhance perception is an intervention that is gaining popularity and recognition in the field of psychology. The purpose of this paper is to establish a link between superstitions and mindlessness, in order to propose mindfulness as an intervention in a formal educational setting to combat superstitions.

Title: The Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction on Science Achievement of Secondary School Students
Abstract :

The present study examines the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction in terms of the achievement in science at secondary level. The study is experimental in nature and observing the difference between the effectiveness of CAI and traditional method of teaching. The sample constitute of 280 students of 9th class matched on intelligence, drawn from two U.P BOARD affiliated schools (co ed) of Meerut city using cluster random sampling technique. Selected students were divided into two groups namely experimental and control group randomly. The experimental group was taught the topics ‘Force’ and ‘Motion’ through computer assisted instruction and the control group was taught the same topics through traditional method. After teaching, a self-developed achievement test was conducted for all students and the answers were evaluated and tabulated group wise. Data were analyzed by using Mean, S.D and t-test. The findings of the study indicate that experimental group performed better than the control group in respect to achievement. Comparing the achievement of male and female students taught through CAI method, no significant difference was found.

Title: Contents
Abstract :

Contents

Title: Contents
Abstract :

Contents

Title: Book Reviews
Abstract :

Fields of Protest: Women’s Movements in India

Title: Intelligence and Divergent Thinking Abilities of Senior Secondary Students: A Co-relational Study
Abstract :

This study aimed at finding out relationship between Intelligence and divergent abilities of Senior Secondary Students. A sample of 120 students were selected randomly from the various schools of Rohtak Dist. of Haryana State. For the study, Thinking Creatively by Words (TCW) developed by Dr. Baquer Mehndi and Intelligence Group Test of Mental Ability developed by Dr. S.S. Jalota were used for data collection. The result revealed that there is significant relationship between Intelligence and Divergent thinking skills of Senior Secondary Students. The result also revealed that students of Senior secondary schools scored high mean scores in divergent thinking skills than intelligence.

Title: CSR Activities and its Impact on Socioeconomic Upliftment: An Integrated Review
Abstract :

Earning more and more profits is a natural phenomenon of every business unit. The first and foremost goal of any business enterprise is to maximize the returns with minimal investment. Parallel to it the enterprises have social obligations to fulfill as they draw maximum resources from the society itself. CSR has become one of the catchphrases of new millennium across the world and the corporate as well as government must take care of it. Today, Government has also come as an initiative to control those business activities which makes a harmful effect on the society. The government suggested time to time to the business units that the corporate should enact a framework related to CSR i.e. its areas, investment, activities etc. and include them in the vision, mission and strategic planning. The present study is a critical analysis of various reviews based on the studies related to CSR activities and its various impacts on society. The nature of data used for this is purely secondary in nature and the library research type is being used. The study has shown that over the last years an increasing number of companies worldwide started promoting their business through CSR strategies because the customers, the public and the investors expect them to act sustainable and responsible. The government also suggests to the business units that the corporate should enact a framework related to CSR and include them in their vision, mission and strategic planning. CSR initiatives, if being implemented by all the corporations for rural development will have a positive impact in overall development of the society and their business.

Title: Spiritual Education: An Innovative Approach to Manifestation of Perfection
Abstract :

Without clear vision of destination, as the target shooting is not easier, the perfection in a human life is not possible without perfect system of education, and that’s why by providing a room to spiritualism in our journey of imparting/receiving education, a ray towards path breaking way of perfection is a need of the hour.

Title: Factors and Principles that Stimulate FinTech Growth: A Case of Safaricom Company in Kenya
Abstract :

Financial technology (FinTech) continues to receive much attention and promises to transform financial services industry. As this technology emerges there is a strong conviction that it will reduce costs and create new opportunities to the participants. And, although the development of FinTech is still in early stages, many believe that it will define and shape the future of the financial services industry, and at the same time increase participation by those who have until recently been under- or un served. Fin tech is evolving in an environment that portents intense competition and there is a doubt of outright success in this space. Various factors, both internal and external, will impact on this rather highly fluid product providing technology. Survival in this market will rely on how best a participant positions oneself and meet customer expectations. This article demonstrates some key factors that determine the success of FinTech firms in this competitive industry. Some of these factors, termed the LASIC (low margin, asset light, scalable, innovative and compliance easy) principles have been mentioned. FinTech companies could benefit from applying some of the ideas presented in this article to their businesses. We surveyed key firms in the financial sector investing and innovating new FinTech products. Safaricom was singled out and it’s LASIC basic principles isolated to illustrate how its success relies on these principles. The conclusion drawn is that in the ever changing financial environment consumers represent a key focal element. Firms should strive to manufacture products that meet the expectations of the changing needs of customers in the financial market- personalized services that provide convenience, security and connectivity. Connectivity can be achieved through smart phones, wirables and across radio signals. The financial market needs an integration of both social linkage and financial inclusion. FinTech expansion does not evolve in a vacuum. There will always be government and its agents ready to institute regulatory processes to protect both consumers and service providers. It is important to point out that regulation should be pro- tech rather than anti-tech. The regulations created should encourage growth of technologies like M-PESA because of the benefits that come with such technology.

Title: The Naxal Quagmire in Bihar & Jharkhand – Genesis & Sustenance
Abstract :

Today the threat to national sovereignty is not limited to our borders, it has reached to the core of our nation. Naxalism is gradually becoming another major source of concern. Government is taking both kinetic and non kinetic efforts to subside this devil; however states of Bihar and Jharkhand are still in the grips of this devil. It lures the people of weaker section in its gamut and portrays as their fighters. Government has been genuinely working to get misguided people on the right track of normalcy and growth. Several initiatives and schemes have been launched by the government for the upliftment of the common man. At the sametime , it is important to ensure that the benefits reaches to the right person in right time.

Title: Contents
Abstract :

Vol. 9, No. 1, April 2018

Title: Caste Divide and Social Imbalances Driving Naxalism In Central India
Abstract :

In the present day scenario, Naxalism has become the major internal security threat. The root causes of spread of Naxalism are poverty, unemployment, famishment and difference in the status of people in the society. Since, the dawn of the human civilisation, poorer have been ill treated and harassed by the people of higher class and when the level of suffering and harassment reached the pinnacle, people decided to take up guns under the umbrella of Naxalism. There is need to identify and address the root causes of spread of Naxalism. Government has taken up the various steps and launched various schemes with an aim to win the hearts and minds of common people. However, it is important to ensure that these benefits of government initiatives must reach the common man.

Title: Government Policies and Programmes for Elderly Women in India: A Special Reference to Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme in Slums Areas of Aligarh
Abstract :

There are various policies and programs being run by the government of India for uplifting the status of the citizens. This paper focuses on the policy that has been particularly introduced for the betterment of elderly people named Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme popularly known as ‘Vridhdha Pension’. The main aim of this study is to gather information about the implementation of this scheme on elderly women in slum areas of Aligarh city and the behaviour of the people of the concerned departments towards them. 40 elderly women were selected randomly from slum areas for this study. Interview schedule was used for data collection. The analysis of the data results in the view that there are a number of impediments in the way of receiving the pension and in approaching the concerned authorities

Title: Effects of Market Share by Use of Mobile Phone Money Transfer on The Profitability of Micro and Small Enterprises in Bungoma County
Abstract :

There have been relatively few studies focusing directly on the way mobile payments are used to enhance the quality of the services of MSEs especially those in rural areas and therefore increasing their profitability. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mobile phone-money transfer services (M-PESA) on the profitability of Micro and Small Enterprises in Bungoma County. The target population was Micro and Small Enterprises which consisted businesses such as retail shops, tailoring, chemists, hardware’s, carpentry, metal workers, hair salons, repair services and butcheries. Descriptive research design was used to obtain information about the existing phenomenon by use of questionnaires. The sampling technique used was multi-stage random sampling where a total of 57 sample size was yielded. Excel Computer Package was used to analyse data which was descriptive and presented in form of graphs, pie-charts and percentage tables. Some of the major findings included that almost each business own or have used a mobile phone in their business at 98% which signifies that the high penetration of the mobile phone among the MSEs in rural areas can serve to help the high percentage of unbanked small businesses access financial services through M-pesa which helps them to increase their profits and as a result, the mobile phone industry can be seen as an ideal partner to offer mobile services to MSEs in rural areas. The government should assist in bringing down the cost of m-pesa transactions so as to induce MSEs in using mobile money transfer services.

Title: Electronic Banking and Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Migori County
Abstract :

Devolution in Kenya has brought changes in many sectors of the economy. With the aim to attain the vision 2030 of industrialized nation and technological invention and innovation, many industries have embraced innovation in the field of information communication technology. ICT is seen as the main drive towards attainment of technological goals. Innovation in IT has been the force behind transformation of financial institutions in Migori County. Tremendous development in IT and the struggle to attain the vision’s goals has made banking services more effective, accessible and cheaper. The study investigated the effects of E-banking on financial performance of commercial banks in Migori County. There are 4 variables used to investigate the main objective of the study. The study investigated 6 banks in five towns in Migori County. 56 respondents filled the questionnaires and emailed them back. Purposive sampling was used to select banks in the towns whereas stratified random sampling was used to cover the total population. The study adopted descriptive research design where qualitative and quantitative approaches were used. Primary data was be collected through questionnaires developed and sent to respondents of commercial banks. The data was augmented with secondary data that was incorporated in the questionnaires and the central bank of Kenya supervisory reports. Regression analysis with aid of Statistical packages for social science and Microsoft Excel played a major role aid in data analysis and presentation. To test for significance, paired t-test and non-parametric test was used at 0.05 level of significance. The analysed data was presented using narrations, tables and line graphs.

Title: A Situational Study on the Nature of Questions being Used in Early Grade Classes: My Experience in Government Schools of Mayurbhanj, Odisha
Abstract :
Questioning is essential for two-way communication between a teacher and children or among children themselves. Questions play an important role in the processes of teaching and learning because children’s achievement and their level of engagement depend on the types of questions teachers formulate and use in a classroom. Good questions promote child-centered teaching. As we move from a teacher-led mode of teaching and learning to more child-initiated approaches, questions rather than answers are imperative in shaping the socio-cognitive development of learners as they explore and make meaning in collaborative contexts. This paper outlines a situational study in 2 early grade classes in two model Government schools of Mayurbhanj district in Odisha. This paper mentions that it is important to focus on promoting novice teachers’ knowledge and skills in questioning so that they can support children’s higher levels of thinking. This is especially relevant for teachers of the Government schools working in India.
Title: Contents Vol. 9, No. 2&3, August-December 2018
Abstract :
Title: A Study of Job Burnout of Factory Workers in Relation to their Age
Abstract :

Job burnout is a special type of job stress-a state of physical, emotional or mental exhaustion combined with doubts about the competence and the value of the work. In the present study, the researcher has attempted to study the effect of age on the job burnout of the factory workers. For this purpose, 100 factory workers (Male=50, Female=50) were selected as sample through random sampling method. Normative survey method was employed in this study. The collected data was analyzed through one way analysis of variance. The findings revealed that there was a significant difference in the job burnout of rural factory workers of age group of below 35 years, 36 to 50 years and above 50. Rural factory workers of age group of below 35 years had higher job burnout. On the other hand, no significant difference was found in the job burnout of urban, male and female factory workers of age group of below 35 years, 36 to 50 years and above 50.

Title: How does Academic Self-Handicapping Relate to Achievement in Mathematic? A Small Scale Study among Indian School Chult
Abstract :

Many research revealed that Self-Handicapping is associated with the students’ personal motivations, academic achievement, global self-esteem and certainty of self-esteem. This study is designed to find out the relationship between Self-Handicapping, and Achievement in Mathematics of learners of chult age (adolescence). Using Multi-stage cluster sampling 204 secondary school students of Thiruvananthapuram educational sub district were selected for the study. Participants were directed to fill in the self-reported Self-Handicapping Scale; the Achievement score in Mathematics were taken from the school records. Data has been analyzed with SPSS-16th version. Students of chult age have a moderate level of Self-Handicapping and High level of Achievement in Mathematics but there is a negative low relationship between Self-Handicapping and Achievement in Mathematics. This study disclosed that self-Handicapping and achievement in Mathematics are correlated. Thus, a positive variation in Self-Handicapping will make a corresponding decrease in Achievement in Mathematics and vice-versa

Title: Effectiveness of Job Stress on Job Satisfaction of University Teaching Departments of Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalya Indore
Abstract :

This study examined the Role Stress of teachers working at Devi Ahliya Vishwavidyalya, Indore. Thirty teachers of different UTD’S were chosen as sample, by using Simple Random Sampling Technique and administered with an Occupational Stress Rating Scale. The statistical techniques employed were ANOVA and the obtained results are analyzed accordingly. To overcome occupational stress, the researchers have suggested some measures which could prove beneficial to teachers in coping with Role Stress are: improve self esteem, build self confidence, work on building emotional intelligence competencies, develop a good sense of humor, favorable organizational climate, good infrastructure in UTD’s.