INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS:
The International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology is published every quarter. At the same time, it appears in electronic format in website: (HTTP:// www.ndpublisher.in/) giving free access to the full text, for a greater international visibility of the authors and the journal. The manuscripts must be written in English. The Editorial Committee and referees are all outstanding national and foreign researchers. The Editorial Board decides on the acceptance or rejection of a paper, and appeals are not accepted.
Original articles should represent a valid contribution to scientific knowledge and should not be submitted simultaneously to other journals. Writing style should be clear, concise, and precise. The length must not exceed 18 pages for the RESEARCH ARTICLES and REVIEWS sections ,10 pages for SHORT COMMUNICATION and 2-4 pages for POPULAR ARTICLE/FARMERS COLUMN. Manuscripts must be electronically submitted. Use letter size paper, 11 point Times New Roman, 1.5 spacing, 2.5 cm margins, page numbers at the bottom right-hand corner and continuous line numbers.
We have been screening manuscripts for plagiarism with authenticated software for the same. Stern action would be taken against handful of authors found involved in ethical misconduct. The screening and decision on articles cost huge time and resources of the Journal.
The problem or topic to be studied should first be identified. Then, existing knowledge about the topic is gathered to judge its importance and discover the current state of the issue. Afterward, the researcher defines the objectives and applies the methods best suited to test his/her hypothesis; hence, the main function of the results is to evaluate hypothesis(es).Significant contribution to the advancement of scientific knowledge, following standard experimental designs, statistical analysis, and discussion of results supported by an up-to-date literature review, it should include the following sections:
1. Title. Title should not exceed 18 words. It should identify the subject, study objectives or significant findings. Avoid abbreviations.
2. Author(s). Include name and last name of every author, affiliation, indicating institution, faculty or experimental center, postal and e-mail address of the “Corresponding author” identified by an asterisk. Every co-author must approve the final version. According to international and ethical norms, the author has participated in the design, execution, and analysis of the experiments, as well as writing the paper, and being able to answer any questions about the study. Persons who contributed to the research, by obtaining resources, in field work, laboratory analyses, etc., can be mentioned in the Acknowledgements
3. Abstract. The most widely-read section of an article. Maximum length: 250 words. It includes values and quantities, and not only describes results. Clearly states: the importance of the research subject, objectives, treatments, results expressed in numbers and statistical significance, and conclusions.Keywords: used to build databases and content indexes; do not repeat title words.
4. Please Include a Highlight in brief (Max 25 Words) as a Separate Heading after Abstract in Bullet Form about the Manuscript.
7. Results and Discussion. Results and analyses should be clear and concise, supported by tables and figures, statistical analyses, and reports from other researchers. Results should be analyzed in the text without repeating table or figure values. Do not indicate more than two decimal places. The Discussion should clearly and precisely interpret results supported by statistical analyses.
8. Conclusions. In accordance with research objectives, the conclusions should clearly state the main experimental results without using abbreviations, acronyms, or references.
9. Acknowledgements. This section appears before Literature Cited and allows thanking institutions, organizations, laboratories, and persons that have contributed to all or part of the research.
10. References. Single references are shown as name-year in the text, and chronologically for various references. When there are three or more authors, cite the primary author followed by the expression “et al.” If there is more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year, they should be differentiated by adding a letter (a, b, c, d, etc.) to the year in both text and Literature Cited.
11. Tables. Tables should be self-explanatory without having to refer back to the text. The title must be brief and illustrative. Tables are numbered in sequence as they are mentioned in the text, and must be included at the end of the manuscript after the Literature Cited. A footnote to the table should explain every abbreviation used. The style for tables and figures should be uniform, especially for units, dates, and abbreviations.
12. Figures. The data must be included at the end of the manuscript after the Literature Cited. Graphs, photographs, diagrams, drawings, and maps, should illustrate essential data, not found in the text or tables, and numbered in the order they are cited. Titles must be brief, clear, and self-explanatory. Figures are black and white, avoid using color or gray tones.
This section includes papers developing a related topic, strongly supported by relevant and updated bibliography. They are reviewed according to the same norms as research articles.
These are brief presentations on various subjects, such as new cultivar reports, current research, species determination, method descriptions, etc. Title, footnotes, tables, and figures are presented according to the same norms as research article.
POPULAR ARTICLE/FARMERS COLUMN
This section includes papers developing a related topic, strongly supported by relevant and updated bibliography. They are reviewed according to the same norms as research articles. It should written in everyday language accessible to any knowledgeable reader.
References One indicator of research quality is cited literature and current references must not exceed 10 years from publication. Authors must correctly note full references verifying that all text references are included in Literature Cited and vice versa.
Example of References
Sen, L., and F. Cuesta. 2008. Use of laccaseproducing microorganisms in membrane systems for polluting agents removal: consideration and perspectives. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Biotechnology 68:401-411.
Roy, S.M., G. De, M. Mora, P. Peirano, and H. Zunino. 2002. Balance and distribution of sulphur in volcanic ash-derived soils in India. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34:1355-1362.
Bulletins, special publications
Soil Survey Staff. 1994. Keys to soil taxonomy. Agric. Hand. 436. 306 p. 6th ed. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington, D.C., USA.
SAS Institute. 1992. STAT Guide for personal computers. 704 p. 8th ed. SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina, USA.
Chapter in a book
Singh, D., and D.Banerjee. 1998. Effects of harvesting intensity on forest productivity and soil carbon storage. p. 351-363. In R. Lal et al. (eds.) Management of carbon sequestration in soils.Advances in Soil Science. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
Chapter in a proceedings volume
Ray, G., C. Srivastava. 2005. SRI cultivation in IGP Plains of UP, India. In Proceedings of 56th Science Congress 11-14th October 2005.Indian Society of Agronomy,Kolkata, India.
Sen, H. 2003. Effect of Organic matter on soil properties. Thesis M Sc (Ag). Banaras Hindu University, Faculty of Agriculture, Varanasi, UP, India.
ODEPA. 1999. Estadísticas agropecuarias. Disponible en http://www.odepa.minagri.gob.cl .
Measurement units. Results should express in International System of Units (SI); if other units used, they should be in parentheses after the SI unit. It is suggested to use an exponential form instead of a slash, e.g., kg ha-1.
Abbreviations and symbols save space and time, but excessive use impedes understanding the text. Some widely-used and well-known abbreviations such as SI units or chemical elements need not be defined. All abbreviations should be written out at their first mention, in abstracts, texts, tables, and figures; afterwards use the abbreviation consistently.
Citing references in the text. When a reference has one or two authors, cite the last name(s) and the year. When the same author(s) has two references in different years; write them in chronological order (e.g., De et al., 1988; 1990). When the reference has three or more authors, use the Latin expression “et al.” and include the year. For two or more articles using the same within-text citation, add a distinguishing letter (a, b, c, etc.) to the year in both text and Literature Cited.